A hybrid processing method for high performance hydrogen-selective silica membranes

Suraj Gopalakrishnan, Yasushi Yoshino, Mikihiro Nomura, Balagopal N. Nair, Shin Ichi Nakao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of high performance hydrogen-selective inorganic membrane has become an important requisite for the production of hydrogen, an energy carrier that could cater the ongoing energy revolution. This paper describes a novel, hybrid method to process high performance hydrogen perm-selective membranes by the rapid CVD modification of a sol-gel silica layer. The initial N2 permeance values through a membrane were brought down by four orders of magnitude to 2.74 × 10-10 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 within 5 min of CVD, while maintaining the H2 permeance values as high as 6.43 × 10-7 mol m-2 s-1 Pa-1 (H2/N2 = 2300). It is likely that the reduction in the CVD zone thickness achieved by the presence of pre-existing sol-gel silica layer is the reason for the rapid modification of the pore structure to high performance membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-9
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume297
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 5

Keywords

  • CVD
  • Hydrogen separation
  • Membrane reactor
  • Silica membranes
  • Sol-gel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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