A preliminary study of mechanical switch using high temperature superconducting material

K. Sawa, M. Suzuki, M. Tomita, Masato Murakami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Persistent Current Switch (PCS) is a key component for Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) system because it is used to switch a superconducting coil from storage mode to transfer mode. In past research on a mechanical PCS for SMES, a metallic superconductor made of Nb and NbTi is used as a switching material. However, recently the research of SMES coil of a High-Temperature Superconductor (HTS) is widely carried out, in which a PCS is also expected to work in liquid nitrogen temperature. In this paper, YBCO (Yitrium Boron Copper Oxide) bulk of HTS was proposed as a switch material, and the test on the fundamental characteristics of a mechanical contact between two YBCO bulks was carried out. As a result, a switching phenomenon between low and high resistance ranges is observed at a threshold current value in the V-I characteristics of the YBCO contact. This phenomenon is also observed after the break and make action is carried out in liquid nitrogen. It means a possibility of a superconducting mechanical switch using YBCO bulks. Furthermore, the tests indicate that a certain amount of current needs to flow before the switching phenomenon. Because the discontinuous transition occurred after the surface-insulating layer formed by degradation of YBCO was destroyed in the contact area.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectrical Contacts, Proceedings of the Annual Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts
Pages128-133
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes
Event47th IEEE Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts - Montreal, Que., Canada
Duration: 2001 Sep 102001 Sep 12

Other

Other47th IEEE Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, Que.
Period01/9/1001/9/12

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Sawa, K., Suzuki, M., Tomita, M., & Murakami, M. (2001). A preliminary study of mechanical switch using high temperature superconducting material. In Electrical Contacts, Proceedings of the Annual Holm Conference on Electrical Contacts (pp. 128-133)