A Review of Four-Wheel Steering Studies from the Viewpoint of Vehicle Dynamics and Control

Yoshimi Furukawa, Shoichi Sano, Hideo Takeda, Naohiro Yuhara, Yoshinobu Matsushita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Citations (Scopus)


As the four-wheel steering (4WS) system has great potentials, many researchers’ attention was attracted to this technique and active research was made. As a result, passenger cars equipped with 4WS systems were put on the market a few years ago. This report tries to identify the essential elements of the 4WS technology in terms of vehicledynamics and control techniques. Based on the findings of this investigation, the report gives an outline and perspective of the research areas involved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-186
Number of pages36
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jan 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanical Engineering

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