A Visual Odometry for Wide Angle Fovea Sensor SLAM

Tomoki Takamura, Sota Shimizu, Rei Murakami, Alessandro Carfi, Fulvio Mastrogiovanni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents a method of wide angle fovea visual odometry (WAF-VO) for Wide Angle Fovea Sensor SLAM (WAF-SLAM), by which a unique locally-high accurate and wide-angle map is generated in addition to camera motion estimation. The WAF sensor is a special-made wide-angle sensor that is inspired from human visual function, i.e., the spatial resolution of the image is not uniform throughout the entire field of view (FOV); it is much higher in the central FOV and decreases rapidly towards the periphery. Our visual odometry method is strongly characterized by a wide-angle FOV and space-variant resolution of the input image from the WAF sensor. A locally-high accurate and wide-angle mapping method is proposed as a major part for WAF-SLAM together with the camera motion estimation. Our proposed method estimates camera motions more stably using very low-spatial-resolution wide-angle images remapped from the input image of the WAF sensor. Using the estimated camera motions, narrow-angle high accurate maps are generated from corresponding feature points in high-spatial resolution central regions of the input image. Wide-angle maps are generated from ones in middle-spatial-resolution wide-angle images remapped from the input image apart from the above very low-spatial-resolution images. When the wide-angle maps are generated, the number of extracted feature points is increased by adjusting contrast threshold values of SIFT feature according to regions of the FOV. A KNN matching method improved using epipolar constraint is proposed and employed for avoidance of mismatching the increased feature points. Thus, the wide-angle maps are generated from more correct corresponding feature points. Finally, the above two types of maps are combined into the unique locally-high accurate and wide-angle map, i.e., a WAF map. Using our proposed method, the WAF map was generated by verification experiments. Furthermore, the paper presents an evaluation of the accuracy and precision of the generated map.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIECON 2021 - 47th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781665435543
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 13
Event47th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2021 - Toronto, Canada
Duration: 2021 Oct 132021 Oct 16

Publication series

NameIECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)
Volume2021-October

Conference

Conference47th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2021
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityToronto
Period21/10/1321/10/16

Keywords

  • high accuracy mapping
  • space-variant image
  • visual odometry
  • WAF-SLAM
  • WAF-VO
  • wide angle fovea sensor
  • wide-angle mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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