Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Research abstract is a text of foremost importance to students of science and engineering. However, explicit teaching of it tends to be missing in EGP and EGAP curricula of general Japanese English education. This paper reports the evaluation of abstracts written by 3rd-year students in an undergraduate ESP course at a Japanese university of science and engineering. At first, students were taught the required generic moves for a research abstract (RA). Next, students were asked to practice deconstructing abstracts into moves within the classroom as well as with abstracts collected by themselves. Finally, students constructed their own abstracts. Here, in order to construct one's own abstract, each student was asked to select an experiment done towards his or her disciplinary curriculum and use the experimental procedure, results and implications in writing the moves of the abstract. A total of twenty abstracts were analyzed for the presence of the required moves and the sequence of the generic moves. Difficulties in students' abstract writings were evaluated using Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a framework for the analysis. SFL as a theory of language views language as a resource for making meaning and does linguistic analysis paying attention to different lexico-grammatical structures in constructing meanings and also the context. Students' abstracts were analyzed for different SFL features namely, ideational, interpersonal and textual modes. In particular, the focus was given to the usage of hedges and modality as research abstracts contain modality and hedges. In addition, a clause by clause analysis of students' abstracts revealed common errors such as, singular-plural mismatch, referencing, missing and wrong preposition, improper use of lexis and mistake in verbal group. In the talk, identified errors and the pedagogical ramifications in teaching abstracts will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages510-515
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509053469
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 10
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 2016 Nov 302016 Dec 3

Other

Other2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period16/11/3016/12/3

Fingerprint

Linguistics
Students
Curricula
Teaching
Education

Keywords

  • English for Specific Purposes
  • Genre
  • linguistic analysis
  • Register
  • Research article
  • Systemic Functional Linguistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Umamaheswari, R., & Jie, S. (2017). Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan. In Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016 (pp. 510-515). [7813501] IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAMechS.2016.7813501

Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan. / Umamaheswari, Rajagopalan; Jie, Shi.

Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016. IEEE Computer Society, 2017. p. 510-515 7813501.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Umamaheswari, R & Jie, S 2017, Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan. in Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016., 7813501, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 510-515, 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016, Melbourne, Australia, 16/11/30. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAMechS.2016.7813501
Umamaheswari R, Jie S. Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan. In Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016. IEEE Computer Society. 2017. p. 510-515. 7813501 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAMechS.2016.7813501
Umamaheswari, Rajagopalan ; Jie, Shi. / Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan. Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016. IEEE Computer Society, 2017. pp. 510-515
@inproceedings{08621fcda7784632bf0caea796bc04f9,
title = "Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan",
abstract = "Research abstract is a text of foremost importance to students of science and engineering. However, explicit teaching of it tends to be missing in EGP and EGAP curricula of general Japanese English education. This paper reports the evaluation of abstracts written by 3rd-year students in an undergraduate ESP course at a Japanese university of science and engineering. At first, students were taught the required generic moves for a research abstract (RA). Next, students were asked to practice deconstructing abstracts into moves within the classroom as well as with abstracts collected by themselves. Finally, students constructed their own abstracts. Here, in order to construct one's own abstract, each student was asked to select an experiment done towards his or her disciplinary curriculum and use the experimental procedure, results and implications in writing the moves of the abstract. A total of twenty abstracts were analyzed for the presence of the required moves and the sequence of the generic moves. Difficulties in students' abstract writings were evaluated using Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a framework for the analysis. SFL as a theory of language views language as a resource for making meaning and does linguistic analysis paying attention to different lexico-grammatical structures in constructing meanings and also the context. Students' abstracts were analyzed for different SFL features namely, ideational, interpersonal and textual modes. In particular, the focus was given to the usage of hedges and modality as research abstracts contain modality and hedges. In addition, a clause by clause analysis of students' abstracts revealed common errors such as, singular-plural mismatch, referencing, missing and wrong preposition, improper use of lexis and mistake in verbal group. In the talk, identified errors and the pedagogical ramifications in teaching abstracts will be discussed.",
keywords = "English for Specific Purposes, Genre, linguistic analysis, Register, Research article, Systemic Functional Linguistics",
author = "Rajagopalan Umamaheswari and Shi Jie",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1109/ICAMechS.2016.7813501",
language = "English",
pages = "510--515",
booktitle = "Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016",
publisher = "IEEE Computer Society",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Adopting a SFL-oriented approach for evaluating genre-based academic abstracts of EST undergraduate students in Japan

AU - Umamaheswari, Rajagopalan

AU - Jie, Shi

PY - 2017/1/10

Y1 - 2017/1/10

N2 - Research abstract is a text of foremost importance to students of science and engineering. However, explicit teaching of it tends to be missing in EGP and EGAP curricula of general Japanese English education. This paper reports the evaluation of abstracts written by 3rd-year students in an undergraduate ESP course at a Japanese university of science and engineering. At first, students were taught the required generic moves for a research abstract (RA). Next, students were asked to practice deconstructing abstracts into moves within the classroom as well as with abstracts collected by themselves. Finally, students constructed their own abstracts. Here, in order to construct one's own abstract, each student was asked to select an experiment done towards his or her disciplinary curriculum and use the experimental procedure, results and implications in writing the moves of the abstract. A total of twenty abstracts were analyzed for the presence of the required moves and the sequence of the generic moves. Difficulties in students' abstract writings were evaluated using Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a framework for the analysis. SFL as a theory of language views language as a resource for making meaning and does linguistic analysis paying attention to different lexico-grammatical structures in constructing meanings and also the context. Students' abstracts were analyzed for different SFL features namely, ideational, interpersonal and textual modes. In particular, the focus was given to the usage of hedges and modality as research abstracts contain modality and hedges. In addition, a clause by clause analysis of students' abstracts revealed common errors such as, singular-plural mismatch, referencing, missing and wrong preposition, improper use of lexis and mistake in verbal group. In the talk, identified errors and the pedagogical ramifications in teaching abstracts will be discussed.

AB - Research abstract is a text of foremost importance to students of science and engineering. However, explicit teaching of it tends to be missing in EGP and EGAP curricula of general Japanese English education. This paper reports the evaluation of abstracts written by 3rd-year students in an undergraduate ESP course at a Japanese university of science and engineering. At first, students were taught the required generic moves for a research abstract (RA). Next, students were asked to practice deconstructing abstracts into moves within the classroom as well as with abstracts collected by themselves. Finally, students constructed their own abstracts. Here, in order to construct one's own abstract, each student was asked to select an experiment done towards his or her disciplinary curriculum and use the experimental procedure, results and implications in writing the moves of the abstract. A total of twenty abstracts were analyzed for the presence of the required moves and the sequence of the generic moves. Difficulties in students' abstract writings were evaluated using Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a framework for the analysis. SFL as a theory of language views language as a resource for making meaning and does linguistic analysis paying attention to different lexico-grammatical structures in constructing meanings and also the context. Students' abstracts were analyzed for different SFL features namely, ideational, interpersonal and textual modes. In particular, the focus was given to the usage of hedges and modality as research abstracts contain modality and hedges. In addition, a clause by clause analysis of students' abstracts revealed common errors such as, singular-plural mismatch, referencing, missing and wrong preposition, improper use of lexis and mistake in verbal group. In the talk, identified errors and the pedagogical ramifications in teaching abstracts will be discussed.

KW - English for Specific Purposes

KW - Genre

KW - linguistic analysis

KW - Register

KW - Research article

KW - Systemic Functional Linguistics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011933951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85011933951&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ICAMechS.2016.7813501

DO - 10.1109/ICAMechS.2016.7813501

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 510

EP - 515

BT - Conference Proceedings - 2016 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, ICAMechS 2016

PB - IEEE Computer Society

ER -