Aluminum alloy foam core sandwich panels fabricated from die casting aluminum alloy by friction stir welding route

Yoshihiko Hangai, Hiroto Kamada, Takao Utsunomiya, Soichiro Kitahara, Osamu Kuwazuru, Nobuhiro Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)


An aluminum foam sandwiches (AFSs) consisting of ADC12 Al-Si-Cu die casting aluminum alloy foam and ADC6 Al-Mg die casting aluminum alloy face plates were fabricated. Using ADC12 die casting plates containing large amounts of gases as the starting material of the foam, ADC12 foam can be fabricated without using a blowing agent. Using FSW, both the uniform dispersion of the segregated gases and pore stabilization powder in the ADC12 die casting plates used to fabricate a foamable ADC12 precursor and the bonding of the ADC12 precursor to the ADC6 plates can be simultaneously achieved. Namely, the AFS precursor is expected to be obtained in fewer processing steps. From the visual observation of the fabricated AFSs, no deformation of the ADC6 plates occurred and the ADC6 plates on both sides of the aluminum foam remained parallel. From the X-ray CT observation of the fabricated AFSs, good pore structures without the infiltration of ADC12 foam into the ADC6 plates can be obtained at a holding temperature of 948 K and holding times of t = 10 and 11 min. In tensile tests on the fabricated AFSs, fracture occurred in the ADC12 foam parts but no fractures were observed at the bonding interface between the ADC12 foam and the ADC6 plates, that is, good bonding was obtained between the ADC12 foam and the ADC6 plates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1928-1934
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014



  • Cellular materials
  • Die casting
  • Foam
  • Friction stir welding
  • Sandwich panel
  • Tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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