An afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer for a solid oxide fuel cells application

Marcin Mozdzierz, Maciej Chalusiak, Shinji Kimijima, Janusz S. Szmyd, Grzegorz Brus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 1 Citations

Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems can be fueled by natural gas when the reforming reaction is conducted in a stack. Due to its maturity and safety, indirect internal reforming is usually used. A strong endothermic methane/steam reforming process needs a large amount of heat, and it is convenient to provide thermal energy by burning the remainders of fuel from a cell. In this work, the mathematical model of afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer is proposed. To analyze the effect of a fuel composition on SOFC performance, the zero-dimensional model of a fuel cell connected with a reformer is formulated. It is shown that the highest efficiency of a solid oxide fuel cell is achieved when the steam-to-methane ratio at the reforming reactor inlet is high.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1-11
Number of pages11
JournalHeat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Apr 5

Fingerprint

Afterburners (engine)
Steam reforming
Methane
Steam
Reforming reactions
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Thermal energy
Fuel cells
Natural gas
Mathematical models
Chemical analysis
Afterburners (oven)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

An afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer for a solid oxide fuel cells application. / Mozdzierz, Marcin; Chalusiak, Maciej; Kimijima, Shinji; Szmyd, Janusz S.; Brus, Grzegorz.

In: Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung, 05.04.2018, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f9222c1a48ed4d1c9b62d969c8b4c7c8,
title = "An afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer for a solid oxide fuel cells application",
abstract = "Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems can be fueled by natural gas when the reforming reaction is conducted in a stack. Due to its maturity and safety, indirect internal reforming is usually used. A strong endothermic methane/steam reforming process needs a large amount of heat, and it is convenient to provide thermal energy by burning the remainders of fuel from a cell. In this work, the mathematical model of afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer is proposed. To analyze the effect of a fuel composition on SOFC performance, the zero-dimensional model of a fuel cell connected with a reformer is formulated. It is shown that the highest efficiency of a solid oxide fuel cell is achieved when the steam-to-methane ratio at the reforming reactor inlet is high.",
author = "Marcin Mozdzierz and Maciej Chalusiak and Shinji Kimijima and Szmyd, {Janusz S.} and Grzegorz Brus",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1007/s00231-018-2331-5",
language = "English",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Heat and Mass Transfer",
issn = "0947-7411",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer for a solid oxide fuel cells application

AU - Mozdzierz, Marcin

AU - Chalusiak, Maciej

AU - Kimijima, Shinji

AU - Szmyd, Janusz S.

AU - Brus, Grzegorz

PY - 2018/4/5

Y1 - 2018/4/5

N2 - Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems can be fueled by natural gas when the reforming reaction is conducted in a stack. Due to its maturity and safety, indirect internal reforming is usually used. A strong endothermic methane/steam reforming process needs a large amount of heat, and it is convenient to provide thermal energy by burning the remainders of fuel from a cell. In this work, the mathematical model of afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer is proposed. To analyze the effect of a fuel composition on SOFC performance, the zero-dimensional model of a fuel cell connected with a reformer is formulated. It is shown that the highest efficiency of a solid oxide fuel cell is achieved when the steam-to-methane ratio at the reforming reactor inlet is high.

AB - Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems can be fueled by natural gas when the reforming reaction is conducted in a stack. Due to its maturity and safety, indirect internal reforming is usually used. A strong endothermic methane/steam reforming process needs a large amount of heat, and it is convenient to provide thermal energy by burning the remainders of fuel from a cell. In this work, the mathematical model of afterburner-powered methane/steam reformer is proposed. To analyze the effect of a fuel composition on SOFC performance, the zero-dimensional model of a fuel cell connected with a reformer is formulated. It is shown that the highest efficiency of a solid oxide fuel cell is achieved when the steam-to-methane ratio at the reforming reactor inlet is high.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045044033&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045044033&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00231-018-2331-5

DO - 10.1007/s00231-018-2331-5

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Heat and Mass Transfer

T2 - Heat and Mass Transfer

JF - Heat and Mass Transfer

SN - 0947-7411

ER -