An analogy game: Toward cognitive upheaval through reflection-in-action

Jun Nakamura, Yukio Ohsawa, Hiroyuki Nishio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Questions arise about how cognition divers based on personal domains of expertise. We have designed a web-based analogy game to promote categorising words in order to facilitate the development of new concepts. Twenty junior high school students, whose membership on a baseball team represented their domain of expertise, played the game involving words related with baseball terminology. We found that conceptual processing through reflection-in-action differed according to whether or not the object of such processing fell within the domain of expertise of the respondent, observing cognitive upheaval in the conceptual processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-234
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Ambiguity
  • Analogy
  • Cognition
  • Domain of expertise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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