An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell

Grzegorz Brus, Zygmunt Kolenda, Shinji Kimijima, Janusz S. Szmyd

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents experimental and numerical studies on the fuel reforming process on an Ni/YSZ catalyst. Nickel is widely known as a catalyst material for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Because of its prices and catalytic properties, Ni is used in both electrodes and internal reforming reactors. However, using Ni as a catalyst carries some disadvantages. Carbon formation is a major problem during a methane/steam reforming reaction based on Ni catalysis. Carbon formation occurs between nickel and metal-support, creating fibers which damage the catalytic property of the reactor. To prevent carbon deposition, the steam-to-carbon ratio is kept between 3 and 5 throughout the entire process. To optimize the reforming reactors, detailed data about the entire reforming process is required. In the present paper kinetics of methane/steam reforming on the Ni/YSZ catalyst was experimentally investigated. Measurements including different thermal boundary conditions, the fuel flow rate and the steam-to-methane ratios were performed. The reforming rate equation derived from experimental data was used in the numerical model to predict synthetic gas composition at the outlet of the reformer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
Pages71-80
Number of pages10
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14 - Washington, DC
Duration: 2010 Aug 82010 Aug 13

Other

Other2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14
CityWashington, DC
Period10/8/810/8/13

Fingerprint

Reforming reactions
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Heat transfer
Carbon
Catalysts
Steam
Nickel
Methane
Steam reforming
Catalysis
Numerical models
Gases
Metals
Flow rate
Boundary conditions
Electrodes
Kinetics
Fibers
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Brus, G., Kolenda, Z., Kimijima, S., & Szmyd, J. S. (2010). An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell. In 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14 (Vol. 5, pp. 71-80) https://doi.org/10.1115/IHTC14-22785

An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell. / Brus, Grzegorz; Kolenda, Zygmunt; Kimijima, Shinji; Szmyd, Janusz S.

2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14. Vol. 5 2010. p. 71-80.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Brus, G, Kolenda, Z, Kimijima, S & Szmyd, JS 2010, An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell. in 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14. vol. 5, pp. 71-80, 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14, Washington, DC, 10/8/8. https://doi.org/10.1115/IHTC14-22785
Brus G, Kolenda Z, Kimijima S, Szmyd JS. An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell. In 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14. Vol. 5. 2010. p. 71-80 https://doi.org/10.1115/IHTC14-22785
Brus, Grzegorz ; Kolenda, Zygmunt ; Kimijima, Shinji ; Szmyd, Janusz S. / An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell. 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14. Vol. 5 2010. pp. 71-80
@inproceedings{bdba10bf3619405e88217cbea56a5b52,
title = "An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell",
abstract = "This paper presents experimental and numerical studies on the fuel reforming process on an Ni/YSZ catalyst. Nickel is widely known as a catalyst material for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Because of its prices and catalytic properties, Ni is used in both electrodes and internal reforming reactors. However, using Ni as a catalyst carries some disadvantages. Carbon formation is a major problem during a methane/steam reforming reaction based on Ni catalysis. Carbon formation occurs between nickel and metal-support, creating fibers which damage the catalytic property of the reactor. To prevent carbon deposition, the steam-to-carbon ratio is kept between 3 and 5 throughout the entire process. To optimize the reforming reactors, detailed data about the entire reforming process is required. In the present paper kinetics of methane/steam reforming on the Ni/YSZ catalyst was experimentally investigated. Measurements including different thermal boundary conditions, the fuel flow rate and the steam-to-methane ratios were performed. The reforming rate equation derived from experimental data was used in the numerical model to predict synthetic gas composition at the outlet of the reformer.",
author = "Grzegorz Brus and Zygmunt Kolenda and Shinji Kimijima and Szmyd, {Janusz S.}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1115/IHTC14-22785",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780791849408",
volume = "5",
pages = "71--80",
booktitle = "2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - An analysis of heat transfer processes in an internal indirect reforming type solid oxide fuel cell

AU - Brus, Grzegorz

AU - Kolenda, Zygmunt

AU - Kimijima, Shinji

AU - Szmyd, Janusz S.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This paper presents experimental and numerical studies on the fuel reforming process on an Ni/YSZ catalyst. Nickel is widely known as a catalyst material for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Because of its prices and catalytic properties, Ni is used in both electrodes and internal reforming reactors. However, using Ni as a catalyst carries some disadvantages. Carbon formation is a major problem during a methane/steam reforming reaction based on Ni catalysis. Carbon formation occurs between nickel and metal-support, creating fibers which damage the catalytic property of the reactor. To prevent carbon deposition, the steam-to-carbon ratio is kept between 3 and 5 throughout the entire process. To optimize the reforming reactors, detailed data about the entire reforming process is required. In the present paper kinetics of methane/steam reforming on the Ni/YSZ catalyst was experimentally investigated. Measurements including different thermal boundary conditions, the fuel flow rate and the steam-to-methane ratios were performed. The reforming rate equation derived from experimental data was used in the numerical model to predict synthetic gas composition at the outlet of the reformer.

AB - This paper presents experimental and numerical studies on the fuel reforming process on an Ni/YSZ catalyst. Nickel is widely known as a catalyst material for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Because of its prices and catalytic properties, Ni is used in both electrodes and internal reforming reactors. However, using Ni as a catalyst carries some disadvantages. Carbon formation is a major problem during a methane/steam reforming reaction based on Ni catalysis. Carbon formation occurs between nickel and metal-support, creating fibers which damage the catalytic property of the reactor. To prevent carbon deposition, the steam-to-carbon ratio is kept between 3 and 5 throughout the entire process. To optimize the reforming reactors, detailed data about the entire reforming process is required. In the present paper kinetics of methane/steam reforming on the Ni/YSZ catalyst was experimentally investigated. Measurements including different thermal boundary conditions, the fuel flow rate and the steam-to-methane ratios were performed. The reforming rate equation derived from experimental data was used in the numerical model to predict synthetic gas composition at the outlet of the reformer.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860514075&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84860514075&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/IHTC14-22785

DO - 10.1115/IHTC14-22785

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84860514075

SN - 9780791849408

VL - 5

SP - 71

EP - 80

BT - 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, IHTC 14

ER -