An attempt to minimize the temperature gradient along a plug-flow methane/steam reforming reactor by adopting locally controlled heating zones

M. Mozdzierz, G. Brus, A. Sciazko, Y. Komatsu, Shinji Kimijima, J. S. Szmyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plug flow reactors are very common in the chemical process industry, including methane/steam reforming applications. Their operation presents many challenges, such as a strong dependence of temperature and composition distribution on the inlet conditions. The strongly endothermic methane/steam reforming reaction might result in a temperature drop at the inlet of the reactor and consequently the occurrence of large temperature gradients. The strongly non-uniform temperature distribution due to endothermic chemical reaction can have tremendous consequences on the operation of the reactor, such as catalyst degradation, undesired side reactions and thermal stresses. To avoid such unfavorable conditions, thermal management of the reactor becomes an important issue. To carry out thermal management properly, detailed modeling and corresponding numerical analyses of the phenomena occurring inside the reforming system is required. This paper presents experimental and numerical studies on the methane/steam reforming process inside a plug-flow reactor. To optimize the reforming reactors, detailed data about the entire reforming process is required. In this study the kinetics of methane/steam reforming on the Ni/YSZ catalyst was experimentally investigated. Measurements including different thermal boundary conditions, the fuel flow rate and the steam- to-methane ratios were performed. The reforming rate equation derived from experimental data was used in the numerical model to predict gas composition and temperature distribution along the steam-reforming reactor. Finally, an attempt was made to control the temperature distribution by adopting locally controlled heating zones.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012040
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume530
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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plugs
steam
temperature gradients
methane
reactors
heating
temperature distribution
fuel flow
catalysts
gas composition
thermal stresses
yttria-stabilized zirconia
chemical reactions
flow velocity
industries
occurrences
boundary conditions
degradation
kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

An attempt to minimize the temperature gradient along a plug-flow methane/steam reforming reactor by adopting locally controlled heating zones. / Mozdzierz, M.; Brus, G.; Sciazko, A.; Komatsu, Y.; Kimijima, Shinji; Szmyd, J. S.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 530, No. 1, 012040, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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