We developed an electrostatic linear actuator for use as an artificial cardiac muscle which consists of parallel plate capacitors and a slider made of dielectric material. The most effective methods to increase the output force of the actuator are optimizing the dielectric constant of the gap- filling medium, which fills the space between two electrodes of the capacitor, and increasing the dielectric strength of the medium for supplying high voltage to the capacitor. We chose liquid crystal as the gap-filling medium. The maximum velocity of the slider of the actuator was 2.24 mm/s. The maximum output force of 56.5 mN was generated by the actuator filled with liquid crystal. This value is seven times as large as that generated by the same actuator filled with pure water used as the gap-filling medium in previous experiments.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Artificial Organs|
|Publication status||Published - 1995 Jan 1|
- Artificial cardiac muscle
- Electrostatic actuator
- Liquid crystal
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