An electrostatic linear actuator developed for an artificial cardiac muscle - Improvement in performance of the actuator by using liquid crystal as gap-filling medium

N. Kabei, K. Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We developed an electrostatic linear actuator for use as an artificial cardiac muscle which consists of parallel plate capacitors and a slider made of dielectric material. The most effective methods to increase the output force of the actuator are optimizing the dielectric constant of the gap- filling medium, which fills the space between two electrodes of the capacitor, and increasing the dielectric strength of the medium for supplying high voltage to the capacitor. We chose liquid crystal as the gap-filling medium. The maximum velocity of the slider of the actuator was 2.24 mm/s. The maximum output force of 56.5 mN was generated by the actuator filled with liquid crystal. This value is seven times as large as that generated by the same actuator filled with pure water used as the gap-filling medium in previous experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-350
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Artificial Organs
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes



  • Artificial cardiac muscle
  • Biomimicking
  • Electrostatic actuator
  • Liquid crystal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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