Anatomical study of the venous drainage architecture of the scapular skin and subcutaneous tissue

N. Imanishi, H. Nakajima, Sadakazu Aiso

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Venous anatomy of the skin and subcutaneous adipofascial tissue in the scapular region was examined in 14 specimens of 12 fresh cadavers that had been injected systemically with contrast medium. Three-dimensional analysis was performed by radiographing the specimens stereoscopically and splitting them into the skin and subcutaneous adipofascial tissue layers. From the architecture, most of the venous blood that had perfused the dermis was considered to pool in a polygonal venous network, located in the skin layer; to flow chiefly through some large communicating veins; and to enter the scapular, parascapular, or circumflex scapular veins. Most of the venous blood that had perfused the subcutaneous adipofascial tissue was considered to enter the scapular or parascapular veins directly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-663
Number of pages8
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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