Atmospheric electron spectrum above 30 GeV at the high altitude

Y. Komori, T. Kobayashi, Kenji Yoshida, J. Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We have observed the primary electron spectrum from 30 GeV to 3 TeV using emulsion chambers flown by balloons at the top of the atmosphere, for the purpose of exploring the origin of cosmic rays in the Galaxy. The atmospheric gamma rays have been simultaneously observed in the 30 GeV-8 TeV energy range. In this paper, we estimate the atmospheric electron spectrum in the upper atmosphere (<10 g/cm 2) from our observed gamma-ray spectrum using the electromagnetic shower theory in order to derive the primary cosmic-ray electron spectrum. The transport equations of the electron and gamma-ray spectrum are analytically solved and the results are compared with those of Monte Carlo simulation (MC). Since we used the observed atmospheric gamma rays as the source of atmospheric electrons, our solutions are free from ambiguities on the primary cosmic-ray nuclear spectra and nuclear interaction models included in MC. In the energy range above several hundred GeV, the Dalitz electrons produced directly from neutral pions contribute around 10% to the whole atmospheric electron spectrum at the depth of 4 g/cm 2, which increases in importance at the higher altitude and cannot be ignored in TeV electron balloon observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-11
Number of pages5
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct

Fingerprint

high altitude
electrons
primary cosmic rays
gamma ray spectra
balloons
gamma rays
nuclear interactions
upper atmosphere
showers
ambiguity
emulsions
cosmic rays
pions
simulation
chambers
electromagnetism
galaxies
atmospheres
energy
estimates

Keywords

  • Atmospheric electrons
  • Cosmic-ray electrons
  • Nuclear interaction models
  • Shower theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Atmospheric electron spectrum above 30 GeV at the high altitude. / Komori, Y.; Kobayashi, T.; Yoshida, Kenji; Nishimura, J.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 38, No. 1, 10.2012, p. 7-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Komori, Y. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Yoshida, Kenji ; Nishimura, J. / Atmospheric electron spectrum above 30 GeV at the high altitude. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2012 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 7-11.
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