Autonomous mobile Robot locomotion by multifunctional use of wide angle fovea sensor

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Abstract

The wide-angle fovea (WAF) sensor comprises a specially made wide-angle fovea lens and a commercially available CCD/CMOS camera with photosensitive elements of uniform size. The sensor realizes a 120-degree-wide field of view (FOV) and high magnification in the central FOV without increasing the number of pixels per image. This paper focuses on the multifunctional use of an input image with space-variant spatial resolution that enables an autonomous mobile robot to avoid obstacles during locomotion. In order to use the WAF-input image efficiently, image processing for central vision, i.e., detection of 3D obstacles, and image processing for peripheral vision, i.e., self-localization of the mobile robot, are performed simultaneously and cooperatively. The comparison of the simulation results of spatial resolutions of the WAF lens and a pinhole camera (PHC) lens shows that the WAF lens can be used for depth measurement in the central FOV and self-localization in the peripheral FOV by the parallel stereo method and the two-parallel-line algorithm, respectively. The results obtained by the WAF lens are more accurate than those obtained by the PHC lens. Autonomous locomotion of the mobile robot has been demonstrated by performing two obstacle avoidance exDeriments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEJ Transactions on Industry Applications
Volume129
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mobile robots
Lenses
Pinhole cameras
Camera lenses
Sensors
Image processing
Collision avoidance
Charge coupled devices
Pixels
Cameras

Keywords

  • Image processing
  • Mobile robot
  • Multi-functional use
  • Wide-angle fovea sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The wide-angle fovea (WAF) sensor comprises a specially made wide-angle fovea lens and a commercially available CCD/CMOS camera with photosensitive elements of uniform size. The sensor realizes a 120-degree-wide field of view (FOV) and high magnification in the central FOV without increasing the number of pixels per image. This paper focuses on the multifunctional use of an input image with space-variant spatial resolution that enables an autonomous mobile robot to avoid obstacles during locomotion. In order to use the WAF-input image efficiently, image processing for central vision, i.e., detection of 3D obstacles, and image processing for peripheral vision, i.e., self-localization of the mobile robot, are performed simultaneously and cooperatively. The comparison of the simulation results of spatial resolutions of the WAF lens and a pinhole camera (PHC) lens shows that the WAF lens can be used for depth measurement in the central FOV and self-localization in the peripheral FOV by the parallel stereo method and the two-parallel-line algorithm, respectively. The results obtained by the WAF lens are more accurate than those obtained by the PHC lens. Autonomous locomotion of the mobile robot has been demonstrated by performing two obstacle avoidance exDeriments.",
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