Biospeckle optical coherence tomography (BOCT) in the speedy assessment of the responses of the seeds of Raphanus sativus L. (Kaiware Daikon) to acid mine drainage (AMD)

Danyang Li, Uma Maheswari Rajagopalan, Y. Sanath K. De Silva, Fenwu Liu, Hirofumi Kadono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The extraction of mineral resources from mines plays a vital role in global socio-economic development. However, acid mine drainage (AMD) has been one of the major pollutants, and a vast area of the agricultural fields has been polluted. Therefore, techniques for monitoring the response of plants to AMD that arise during mineral extraction are necessary. In addition, such a technique becomes especially valuable to understand how the plants could play a role in the phytoremediation of AMD. We propose the use of biospeckle Optical Coherence Tomography (bOCT) to investigate the response of Kaiware daikon seeds under the exposure to simulated AMD at two different concentrations of 40 mL/L and 80 mL/L. OCT images of the Kaiware daikon seed were obtained at a speed of 10 frames per second (1 frame: 512 × 2048 pixels) for a few tens of seconds. For each pixel of the OCT structural images, the contrast across the temporal axis was calculated to give biospeckle contrast OCT images (bOCT images). It was found that bOCT images clearly distinguished the changes due to 40 mL/L and 80 mL/L of AMD treatments from the control within a short time of around an hour, compared to the conventional OCT images that failed to show any changes. This variation was found to be statistically significant and could reflect the internal activity of the seeds. The proposed bOCT method could be a rapid, non-invasive technique for screening suitable plants in AMD phytoremediation applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number355
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Acid mine drainage
  • Biological activities
  • Biospeckle
  • OCT
  • Remediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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