Bromine doping of multilayer graphene for low-resistance interconnects

Kazuyoshi Ueno, Ryosuke Kosugi, Kazuya Imazeki, Akihiko Aozasa, Yuji Matsumoto, Hisao Miyazaki, Naoshi Sakuma, Akihiro Kajita, Tadashi Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Multilayer graphene (MLG) is expected to be a low-resistance and high-reliability interconnect material replacing copper (Cu) in nanoscale interconnects. To achieve low-resistance interconnect with MLG, carrier doping is necessary since the carrier concentrations in pristine MLGs are low. In this work, the effects of bromine (Br) doping by intercalation on the carrier concentration and sheet resistance of exfoliated highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) were investigated by measuring the Fermi level shift using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and the fourterminal method, respectively. The Fermi level was shifted downward up to 0.63 eV, and the sheet resistance was reduced to less than 10% of that of the pristine HOPG by increasing the Br concentration. A similar Fermi level shift was observed for the commercially available CVD-MLG. Br doping is thus promising for low-resistance MLG interconnects from the perspective of carrier doping.

Original languageEnglish
Article number05GC02
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Issue number5 SPEC. ISSUE 2
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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