Catalytic performance of oxygen vacancies-enriched h-MoO3 in lithium-oxygen batteries

Yi Wang, Yawei Yu, Zeyu Liu, Handan Qiao, Zheng Zhang, Takahiro Ishizaki, Xiulan Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of lithium-oxygen battery was an effective way to alleviate energy crisis, save energy and protect environment. The design of cathode catalyst with high catalytic performance can effectively promote the performance of lithium-oxygen battery. To research the influence of oxygen vacancies on the electrochemical catalytic performance, a novel and effective method was proposed to introduce more oxygen vacancies into MoO3. The h-MoO3 with oxygen-rich vacancies (named MoO3-HTP) was synthesized by using original MoO3 to heat together with NaH2PO4. As the cathode catalyst of lithium-oxygen batteries, MoO3-HTP had a smaller first cycle overpotential of 0.76 V and showed 137 stable cycles under a limited capacity of 500 mAh g−1 at 200 mA g−1 from the comparison of the MoO3 and MoO3-HT. And MoO3-HTP-based batteries had the lower overpotential of 1.58 V under the first full charge-discharge curves at 200 mA g−1 and 400 mA g−1. The excellent conductivity and electrocatalytic performance of MoO3-HTP were put down to the abundance of oxygen vacancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number166927
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume927
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 15

Keywords

  • Cyclic stability
  • Lithium-oxygen batteries
  • MoO
  • Oxygen vacancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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