Catheter contact area strongly correlates with lesion area in radiofrequency cardiac ablation: an ex vivo porcine heart study

Kriengsak Masnok, Nobuo Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Our previous study confirmed that not only force but also the catheter contact angle substantially impacted the contact area and its morphology. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to further investigate the relationship between the catheter contact area and the dimensions of the ablation lesion area as a function of catheter contact angle and force in radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods: The radiofrequency catheter ablation test was performed for 5 contact angles and 8 contact forces at a fixed ablation time of 30 s. The initial impedance was 92.5 ± 2.5 Ω, the temperature during ablation was 30 °C, and the power was 30 W. The irrigation rate during ablation was set to 17 mL/min. Each experiment was repeated 6 times. Results: The catheter contact area showed a strong correlation with the ablation lesion area (r = 0.8507). When the contact area was increased, the lesion area also increased linearly in a monotonic manner. The relationships between catheter contact force and ablation lesion area and between catheter contact force and ablation lesion depth are logarithmic functions in which increased contact force was associated with increased lesion area and depth. The catheter contact angle is also an important determinant of the lesion area. The lesion area progressively increased when the contact angle was decreased. In contrast, the lesion depth progressively increased when the contact angle was increased. Conclusions: The catheter contact area was strongly correlated with the ablation lesion area. Additionally, catheter contact force and contact angle significantly impacted the dimensions of the lesion in radiofrequency catheter ablation procedures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Ablation lesion dimensions
  • Catheter contact angle
  • Catheter contact area
  • Catheter contact force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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