Chain transfer reaction by trialkylaluminum (AIR3) in the stereospecific polymerization of propylene with metallocene - AIR3/Ph3CB(C6F5)4

Naofumi Naga, Kooji Mizunuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stereospecific polymerization of propylene was carried out with rac-ethylenebis(indenyl)zirconium dichloride (rac-Et(Ind)2ZrCl2) (1), rac-dimethylsilylenebis(indenyl)zirconiurn dichloride (rac-Me2Si(Ind)2ZrCl2) (2) and isopropylidene(cyclopentadienyl)(9-fluorenyl)zirconium dichloride (i-Pr(Cp)(Flu)ZrCl2) (3) combined with trialkyl-aluminum (AIR3: R = C2H5, i-C4H9)/triphenylcarbenium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (Ph3CB(C6F5)4) (4). In isospecific polymerization with 1 and 2, the molecular weight of polypropylenes decreased with increase in the molar ratio of AlEt3 (Et = C2H5)/Zr, whereas, an effect of AliBu3 (iBu = i-C4H9) concentration on molecular weight was not observed. The microstructures of resulting polypropylenes were studied by 13C n.m.r. and an increase in the molar ratio of ethyl end groups (derived from chain transfer to AlEt3) to n-propyl end groups (derived from β-hydrogen transfer) was observed with increase in the molar ratio of AlEt3/Zr (1 and 2). The chain transfer reactions by both AlEt3 and AliBu3 were also detected in syndiospecific polymerization with 3. The molar ratio of alkyl (R) end groups (derived from chain transfer to AIR3) to n-propyl end groups was higher in the polypropylene obtained with AlEt3 than that obtained with AliBu3. The relative constants ktrA/kp (ktrA = rate constant of chain transfer to AIR3, kp = rate constant of propagation) were determined by kinetic study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5059-5067
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer
Volume39
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polypropylenes
Propylene
Polymerization
Zirconium
Rate constants
Molecular weight
Aluminum
Hydrogen
Microstructure
Kinetics
metallocene
propylene

Keywords

  • Polymerizatrion
  • Propylene
  • Zirconocene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Chain transfer reaction by trialkylaluminum (AIR3) in the stereospecific polymerization of propylene with metallocene - AIR3/Ph3CB(C6F5)4. / Naga, Naofumi; Mizunuma, Kooji.

In: Polymer, Vol. 39, No. 21, 10.1998, p. 5059-5067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Stereospecific polymerization of propylene was carried out with rac-ethylenebis(indenyl)zirconium dichloride (rac-Et(Ind)2ZrCl2) (1), rac-dimethylsilylenebis(indenyl)zirconiurn dichloride (rac-Me2Si(Ind)2ZrCl2) (2) and isopropylidene(cyclopentadienyl)(9-fluorenyl)zirconium dichloride (i-Pr(Cp)(Flu)ZrCl2) (3) combined with trialkyl-aluminum (AIR3: R = C2H5, i-C4H9)/triphenylcarbenium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (Ph3CB(C6F5)4) (4). In isospecific polymerization with 1 and 2, the molecular weight of polypropylenes decreased with increase in the molar ratio of AlEt3 (Et = C2H5)/Zr, whereas, an effect of AliBu3 (iBu = i-C4H9) concentration on molecular weight was not observed. The microstructures of resulting polypropylenes were studied by 13C n.m.r. and an increase in the molar ratio of ethyl end groups (derived from chain transfer to AlEt3) to n-propyl end groups (derived from β-hydrogen transfer) was observed with increase in the molar ratio of AlEt3/Zr (1 and 2). The chain transfer reactions by both AlEt3 and AliBu3 were also detected in syndiospecific polymerization with 3. The molar ratio of alkyl (R) end groups (derived from chain transfer to AIR3) to n-propyl end groups was higher in the polypropylene obtained with AlEt3 than that obtained with AliBu3. The relative constants ktrA/kp (ktrA = rate constant of chain transfer to AIR3, kp = rate constant of propagation) were determined by kinetic study.",
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AB - Stereospecific polymerization of propylene was carried out with rac-ethylenebis(indenyl)zirconium dichloride (rac-Et(Ind)2ZrCl2) (1), rac-dimethylsilylenebis(indenyl)zirconiurn dichloride (rac-Me2Si(Ind)2ZrCl2) (2) and isopropylidene(cyclopentadienyl)(9-fluorenyl)zirconium dichloride (i-Pr(Cp)(Flu)ZrCl2) (3) combined with trialkyl-aluminum (AIR3: R = C2H5, i-C4H9)/triphenylcarbenium tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (Ph3CB(C6F5)4) (4). In isospecific polymerization with 1 and 2, the molecular weight of polypropylenes decreased with increase in the molar ratio of AlEt3 (Et = C2H5)/Zr, whereas, an effect of AliBu3 (iBu = i-C4H9) concentration on molecular weight was not observed. The microstructures of resulting polypropylenes were studied by 13C n.m.r. and an increase in the molar ratio of ethyl end groups (derived from chain transfer to AlEt3) to n-propyl end groups (derived from β-hydrogen transfer) was observed with increase in the molar ratio of AlEt3/Zr (1 and 2). The chain transfer reactions by both AlEt3 and AliBu3 were also detected in syndiospecific polymerization with 3. The molar ratio of alkyl (R) end groups (derived from chain transfer to AIR3) to n-propyl end groups was higher in the polypropylene obtained with AlEt3 than that obtained with AliBu3. The relative constants ktrA/kp (ktrA = rate constant of chain transfer to AIR3, kp = rate constant of propagation) were determined by kinetic study.

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