Change in magnetic ground states in nonmagnetic-impurity-doped spin-gap systems TlCu1-xMgxCl3 using muon spin relaxation

Takao Suzuki, Motoki Yamada, Yasuyuki Ishii, Isao Watanabe, Takayuki Goto, Hidekazu Tanaka, Kenya Kubo

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Zero- and longitudinal-field muon-spin-relaxation (ZF- and LF-μSR) measurements were carried out on the impurity-doped spin gap systems TlCu 1-xMgxCl3. In a slightly doped case of x= 0.0047, no evidence for a static internal magnetic field was observed down to 20 mK although the specific heat indicated the magnetic phase transition at T = 0.70 K as previously reported. Above x= 0.006, the existence of a static internal magnetic field is confirmed by LF-μSR, and with increasing Mg concentration of x, the internal magnetic field, and the volume fraction of a spin frozen region where the static internal magnetic field appears increase simultaneously. These results suggest that the magnetic ground state changes from the spin singlet state to a spin fluctuating state, and to a spin frozen state by the impurity doping, and also suggest there exist a threshold doping ratio in the appearance of a static staggered moment in the S=1/2 dimer systems weakly coupled by three-dimensional interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174436
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 23
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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