Characteristics and Performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) Calorimeter for Gamma-Ray Observations

N. Cannady, Y. Asaoka, F. Satoh, M. Tanaka, S. Torii, M. L. Cherry, M. Mori, O. Adriani, Y. Akaike, K. Asano, M. G. Bagliesi, E. Berti, G. Bigongiari, W. R. Binns, S. Bonechi, M. Bongi, P. Brogi, J. H. Buckley, G. Castellini, C. ChecchiaG. Collazuol, V. Di Felice, K. Ebisawa, H. Fuke, T. G. Guzik, T. Hams, M. Hareyama, N. Hasebe, K. Hibino, M. Ichimura, K. Ioka, W. Ishizaki, M. H. Israel, K. Kasahara, J. Kataoka, R. Kataoka, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, N. Kawanaka, Y. Kawakubo, K. Kohri, H. S. Krawczynski, J. F. Krizmanic, T. Lomtadze, P. Maestro, P. S. Marrocchesi, A. M. Messineo, J. W. Mitchell, S. Miyake, A. A. Moiseev, K. Mori, N. Mori, H. M. Motz, K. Munakata, H. Murakami, S. Nakahira, J. Nishimura, G. A.De Nolfo, S. Okuno, J. F. Ormes, S. Ozawa, L. Pacini, F. Palma, P. Papini, A. V. Penacchioni, B. F. Rauch, S. B. Ricciarini, K. Sakai, T. Sakamoto, M. Sasaki, Y. Shimizu, A. Shiomi, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, F. Stolzi, J. E. Suh, A. Sulaj, I. Takahashi, M. Takayanagi, M. Takita, T. Tamura, N. Tateyama, T. Terasawa, H. Tomida, Y. Tsunesada, Y. Uchihori, S. Ueno, E. Vannuccini, J. P. Wefel, K. Yamaoka, S. Yanagita, A. Yoshida, Kenji Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The CALorimetric Electron Telescope primary detector (CALET-CAL) is a 30 radiation-length-deep hybrid calorimeter designed for the accurate measurement of high-energy cosmic rays. It is capable of triggering on and giving near complete containment of electromagnetic showers from primary electrons and gamma rays from 1 GeV to over 10 TeV. The first 24 months of on-orbit scientific data (2015 November 01-2017 October 31) provide valuable characterization of the performance of the calorimeter based on analyses of the gamma-ray data set in general and bright point sources in particular. We describe the gamma-ray analysis, the expected performance of the calorimeter based on Monte Carlo simulations, the agreement of the flight data with the simulated results, and the outlook for long-term gamma-ray observations with the CAL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume238
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 1

Fingerprint

particle telescopes
calorimeters
gamma rays
electron
containment
cosmic ray
point source
showers
flight
point sources
cosmic rays
rays
electromagnetism
orbits
simulation
energy
detectors
radiation
electrons

Keywords

  • gamma rays: general
  • instrumentation: detectors
  • methods: data analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Characteristics and Performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) Calorimeter for Gamma-Ray Observations. / Cannady, N.; Asaoka, Y.; Satoh, F.; Tanaka, M.; Torii, S.; Cherry, M. L.; Mori, M.; Adriani, O.; Akaike, Y.; Asano, K.; Bagliesi, M. G.; Berti, E.; Bigongiari, G.; Binns, W. R.; Bonechi, S.; Bongi, M.; Brogi, P.; Buckley, J. H.; Castellini, G.; Checchia, C.; Collazuol, G.; Di Felice, V.; Ebisawa, K.; Fuke, H.; Guzik, T. G.; Hams, T.; Hareyama, M.; Hasebe, N.; Hibino, K.; Ichimura, M.; Ioka, K.; Ishizaki, W.; Israel, M. H.; Kasahara, K.; Kataoka, J.; Kataoka, R.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawanaka, N.; Kawakubo, Y.; Kohri, K.; Krawczynski, H. S.; Krizmanic, J. F.; Lomtadze, T.; Maestro, P.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A. M.; Mitchell, J. W.; Miyake, S.; Moiseev, A. A.; Mori, K.; Mori, N.; Motz, H. M.; Munakata, K.; Murakami, H.; Nakahira, S.; Nishimura, J.; Nolfo, G. A.De; Okuno, S.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozawa, S.; Pacini, L.; Palma, F.; Papini, P.; Penacchioni, A. V.; Rauch, B. F.; Ricciarini, S. B.; Sakai, K.; Sakamoto, T.; Sasaki, M.; Shimizu, Y.; Shiomi, A.; Sparvoli, R.; Spillantini, P.; Stolzi, F.; Suh, J. E.; Sulaj, A.; Takahashi, I.; Takayanagi, M.; Takita, M.; Tamura, T.; Tateyama, N.; Terasawa, T.; Tomida, H.; Tsunesada, Y.; Uchihori, Y.; Ueno, S.; Vannuccini, E.; Wefel, J. P.; Yamaoka, K.; Yanagita, S.; Yoshida, A.; Yoshida, Kenji.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 238, No. 1, 5, 01.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cannady, N, Asaoka, Y, Satoh, F, Tanaka, M, Torii, S, Cherry, ML, Mori, M, Adriani, O, Akaike, Y, Asano, K, Bagliesi, MG, Berti, E, Bigongiari, G, Binns, WR, Bonechi, S, Bongi, M, Brogi, P, Buckley, JH, Castellini, G, Checchia, C, Collazuol, G, Di Felice, V, Ebisawa, K, Fuke, H, Guzik, TG, Hams, T, Hareyama, M, Hasebe, N, Hibino, K, Ichimura, M, Ioka, K, Ishizaki, W, Israel, MH, Kasahara, K, Kataoka, J, Kataoka, R, Katayose, Y, Kato, C, Kawanaka, N, Kawakubo, Y, Kohri, K, Krawczynski, HS, Krizmanic, JF, Lomtadze, T, Maestro, P, Marrocchesi, PS, Messineo, AM, Mitchell, JW, Miyake, S, Moiseev, AA, Mori, K, Mori, N, Motz, HM, Munakata, K, Murakami, H, Nakahira, S, Nishimura, J, Nolfo, GAD, Okuno, S, Ormes, JF, Ozawa, S, Pacini, L, Palma, F, Papini, P, Penacchioni, AV, Rauch, BF, Ricciarini, SB, Sakai, K, Sakamoto, T, Sasaki, M, Shimizu, Y, Shiomi, A, Sparvoli, R, Spillantini, P, Stolzi, F, Suh, JE, Sulaj, A, Takahashi, I, Takayanagi, M, Takita, M, Tamura, T, Tateyama, N, Terasawa, T, Tomida, H, Tsunesada, Y, Uchihori, Y, Ueno, S, Vannuccini, E, Wefel, JP, Yamaoka, K, Yanagita, S, Yoshida, A & Yoshida, K 2018, 'Characteristics and Performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) Calorimeter for Gamma-Ray Observations', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 238, no. 1, 5. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/aad6a3
Cannady, N. ; Asaoka, Y. ; Satoh, F. ; Tanaka, M. ; Torii, S. ; Cherry, M. L. ; Mori, M. ; Adriani, O. ; Akaike, Y. ; Asano, K. ; Bagliesi, M. G. ; Berti, E. ; Bigongiari, G. ; Binns, W. R. ; Bonechi, S. ; Bongi, M. ; Brogi, P. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Castellini, G. ; Checchia, C. ; Collazuol, G. ; Di Felice, V. ; Ebisawa, K. ; Fuke, H. ; Guzik, T. G. ; Hams, T. ; Hareyama, M. ; Hasebe, N. ; Hibino, K. ; Ichimura, M. ; Ioka, K. ; Ishizaki, W. ; Israel, M. H. ; Kasahara, K. ; Kataoka, J. ; Kataoka, R. ; Katayose, Y. ; Kato, C. ; Kawanaka, N. ; Kawakubo, Y. ; Kohri, K. ; Krawczynski, H. S. ; Krizmanic, J. F. ; Lomtadze, T. ; Maestro, P. ; Marrocchesi, P. S. ; Messineo, A. M. ; Mitchell, J. W. ; Miyake, S. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Mori, K. ; Mori, N. ; Motz, H. M. ; Munakata, K. ; Murakami, H. ; Nakahira, S. ; Nishimura, J. ; Nolfo, G. A.De ; Okuno, S. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Ozawa, S. ; Pacini, L. ; Palma, F. ; Papini, P. ; Penacchioni, A. V. ; Rauch, B. F. ; Ricciarini, S. B. ; Sakai, K. ; Sakamoto, T. ; Sasaki, M. ; Shimizu, Y. ; Shiomi, A. ; Sparvoli, R. ; Spillantini, P. ; Stolzi, F. ; Suh, J. E. ; Sulaj, A. ; Takahashi, I. ; Takayanagi, M. ; Takita, M. ; Tamura, T. ; Tateyama, N. ; Terasawa, T. ; Tomida, H. ; Tsunesada, Y. ; Uchihori, Y. ; Ueno, S. ; Vannuccini, E. ; Wefel, J. P. ; Yamaoka, K. ; Yanagita, S. ; Yoshida, A. ; Yoshida, Kenji. / Characteristics and Performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) Calorimeter for Gamma-Ray Observations. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2018 ; Vol. 238, No. 1.
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics and Performance of the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) Calorimeter for Gamma-Ray Observations

AU - Cannady, N.

AU - Asaoka, Y.

AU - Satoh, F.

AU - Tanaka, M.

AU - Torii, S.

AU - Cherry, M. L.

AU - Mori, M.

AU - Adriani, O.

AU - Akaike, Y.

AU - Asano, K.

AU - Bagliesi, M. G.

AU - Berti, E.

AU - Bigongiari, G.

AU - Binns, W. R.

AU - Bonechi, S.

AU - Bongi, M.

AU - Brogi, P.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Castellini, G.

AU - Checchia, C.

AU - Collazuol, G.

AU - Di Felice, V.

AU - Ebisawa, K.

AU - Fuke, H.

AU - Guzik, T. G.

AU - Hams, T.

AU - Hareyama, M.

AU - Hasebe, N.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Ichimura, M.

AU - Ioka, K.

AU - Ishizaki, W.

AU - Israel, M. H.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Kataoka, J.

AU - Kataoka, R.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kato, C.

AU - Kawanaka, N.

AU - Kawakubo, Y.

AU - Kohri, K.

AU - Krawczynski, H. S.

AU - Krizmanic, J. F.

AU - Lomtadze, T.

AU - Maestro, P.

AU - Marrocchesi, P. S.

AU - Messineo, A. M.

AU - Mitchell, J. W.

AU - Miyake, S.

AU - Moiseev, A. A.

AU - Mori, K.

AU - Mori, N.

AU - Motz, H. M.

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Murakami, H.

AU - Nakahira, S.

AU - Nishimura, J.

AU - Nolfo, G. A.De

AU - Okuno, S.

AU - Ormes, J. F.

AU - Ozawa, S.

AU - Pacini, L.

AU - Palma, F.

AU - Papini, P.

AU - Penacchioni, A. V.

AU - Rauch, B. F.

AU - Ricciarini, S. B.

AU - Sakai, K.

AU - Sakamoto, T.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Shimizu, Y.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Sparvoli, R.

AU - Spillantini, P.

AU - Stolzi, F.

AU - Suh, J. E.

AU - Sulaj, A.

AU - Takahashi, I.

AU - Takayanagi, M.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tamura, T.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Terasawa, T.

AU - Tomida, H.

AU - Tsunesada, Y.

AU - Uchihori, Y.

AU - Ueno, S.

AU - Vannuccini, E.

AU - Wefel, J. P.

AU - Yamaoka, K.

AU - Yanagita, S.

AU - Yoshida, A.

AU - Yoshida, Kenji

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - The CALorimetric Electron Telescope primary detector (CALET-CAL) is a 30 radiation-length-deep hybrid calorimeter designed for the accurate measurement of high-energy cosmic rays. It is capable of triggering on and giving near complete containment of electromagnetic showers from primary electrons and gamma rays from 1 GeV to over 10 TeV. The first 24 months of on-orbit scientific data (2015 November 01-2017 October 31) provide valuable characterization of the performance of the calorimeter based on analyses of the gamma-ray data set in general and bright point sources in particular. We describe the gamma-ray analysis, the expected performance of the calorimeter based on Monte Carlo simulations, the agreement of the flight data with the simulated results, and the outlook for long-term gamma-ray observations with the CAL.

AB - The CALorimetric Electron Telescope primary detector (CALET-CAL) is a 30 radiation-length-deep hybrid calorimeter designed for the accurate measurement of high-energy cosmic rays. It is capable of triggering on and giving near complete containment of electromagnetic showers from primary electrons and gamma rays from 1 GeV to over 10 TeV. The first 24 months of on-orbit scientific data (2015 November 01-2017 October 31) provide valuable characterization of the performance of the calorimeter based on analyses of the gamma-ray data set in general and bright point sources in particular. We describe the gamma-ray analysis, the expected performance of the calorimeter based on Monte Carlo simulations, the agreement of the flight data with the simulated results, and the outlook for long-term gamma-ray observations with the CAL.

KW - gamma rays: general

KW - instrumentation: detectors

KW - methods: data analysis

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U2 - 10.3847/1538-4365/aad6a3

DO - 10.3847/1538-4365/aad6a3

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