Circularly polarized loop-line antennas: Fundamental study on dual polarization

Kazuhide Hirose, Hiroyuki Kanazawa, Hisamatsu Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Two types of microstrip line antennas made of loop elements are treated and a basic study of dual circular polarizations is performed. The analytical values obtained by the method of moments are used for the study. Dual polarizations are attempted with an antenna combining two conventional series loop-line antennas. Unwanted radiation near an elevation angle of 0° in the radiation pattern is recognized. The radiated field is separated into emissions from various parts of the antenna. The study results indicate that the radiation from the loop elements is weak. Next, based on the study results, a parallel loop-line antenna is proposed. After a design method for the antenna is presented, the dual polarization characteristics are demonstrated. In comparison with the case of a series loop-line antenna, the unwanted radiation at an elevation angle of 0° is decreased from -9 dB to -18 dB. Finally, the frequency characteristics of the parallel loop-line antenna are studied. It is shown that a circular polarization with an axial ratio of less than 3 dB can be obtained over a bandwidth of 1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalElectronics and Communications in Japan, Part I: Communications (English translation of Denshi Tsushin Gakkai Ronbunshi)
Volume88
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polarization
Antennas
Circular polarization
Radiation
Microstrip lines
Method of moments
Bandwidth

Keywords

  • Circular dual polarization antenna
  • Circularly polarized antenna
  • Method of moments
  • Microstrip line antenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

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title = "Circularly polarized loop-line antennas: Fundamental study on dual polarization",
abstract = "Two types of microstrip line antennas made of loop elements are treated and a basic study of dual circular polarizations is performed. The analytical values obtained by the method of moments are used for the study. Dual polarizations are attempted with an antenna combining two conventional series loop-line antennas. Unwanted radiation near an elevation angle of 0° in the radiation pattern is recognized. The radiated field is separated into emissions from various parts of the antenna. The study results indicate that the radiation from the loop elements is weak. Next, based on the study results, a parallel loop-line antenna is proposed. After a design method for the antenna is presented, the dual polarization characteristics are demonstrated. In comparison with the case of a series loop-line antenna, the unwanted radiation at an elevation angle of 0° is decreased from -9 dB to -18 dB. Finally, the frequency characteristics of the parallel loop-line antenna are studied. It is shown that a circular polarization with an axial ratio of less than 3 dB can be obtained over a bandwidth of 1{\%}.",
keywords = "Circular dual polarization antenna, Circularly polarized antenna, Method of moments, Microstrip line antenna",
author = "Kazuhide Hirose and Hiroyuki Kanazawa and Hisamatsu Nakano",
year = "2005",
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language = "English",
volume = "88",
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journal = "Electronics and Communications in Japan, Part I: Communications (English translation of Denshi Tsushin Gakkai Ronbunshi)",
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publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "9",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Circularly polarized loop-line antennas

T2 - Fundamental study on dual polarization

AU - Hirose, Kazuhide

AU - Kanazawa, Hiroyuki

AU - Nakano, Hisamatsu

PY - 2005/9

Y1 - 2005/9

N2 - Two types of microstrip line antennas made of loop elements are treated and a basic study of dual circular polarizations is performed. The analytical values obtained by the method of moments are used for the study. Dual polarizations are attempted with an antenna combining two conventional series loop-line antennas. Unwanted radiation near an elevation angle of 0° in the radiation pattern is recognized. The radiated field is separated into emissions from various parts of the antenna. The study results indicate that the radiation from the loop elements is weak. Next, based on the study results, a parallel loop-line antenna is proposed. After a design method for the antenna is presented, the dual polarization characteristics are demonstrated. In comparison with the case of a series loop-line antenna, the unwanted radiation at an elevation angle of 0° is decreased from -9 dB to -18 dB. Finally, the frequency characteristics of the parallel loop-line antenna are studied. It is shown that a circular polarization with an axial ratio of less than 3 dB can be obtained over a bandwidth of 1%.

AB - Two types of microstrip line antennas made of loop elements are treated and a basic study of dual circular polarizations is performed. The analytical values obtained by the method of moments are used for the study. Dual polarizations are attempted with an antenna combining two conventional series loop-line antennas. Unwanted radiation near an elevation angle of 0° in the radiation pattern is recognized. The radiated field is separated into emissions from various parts of the antenna. The study results indicate that the radiation from the loop elements is weak. Next, based on the study results, a parallel loop-line antenna is proposed. After a design method for the antenna is presented, the dual polarization characteristics are demonstrated. In comparison with the case of a series loop-line antenna, the unwanted radiation at an elevation angle of 0° is decreased from -9 dB to -18 dB. Finally, the frequency characteristics of the parallel loop-line antenna are studied. It is shown that a circular polarization with an axial ratio of less than 3 dB can be obtained over a bandwidth of 1%.

KW - Circular dual polarization antenna

KW - Circularly polarized antenna

KW - Method of moments

KW - Microstrip line antenna

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