CO Multi-line Imaging of Nearby Galaxies (COMING). III. Dynamical effect on molecular gas density and star formation in the barred spiral galaxy NGC 4303

Yoshiyuki Yajima, Kazuo Sorai, Nario Kuno, Kazuyuki Muraoka, Yusuke Miyamoto, Hiroyuki Kaneko, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Naomasa Nakai, Takahiro Tanaka, Yuya Sato, Dragan Salak, Kana Morokuma-Matsui, Naoko Matsumoto, Hsi An Pan, Yuto Noma, Tsutomu T. Takeuchi, Moe Yoda, Mayu Kuroda, Atsushi Yasuda, Nagisa OiShugo Shibata, Masumichi Seta, Yoshimasa Watanabe, Shoichiro Kita, Ryusei Komatsuzaki, Ayumi Kajikawa, Yu Yashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present the results of 12CO(J = 1–0) and 13CO(J = 1–0) simultaneous mappings toward the nearby barred spiral galaxy NGC 4303 as a part of the CO Multi-line Imaging of Nearby Galaxies (COMING) project. Barred spiral galaxies often show lower star-formation efficiency (SFE) in their bar region compared to the spiral arms. In this paper, we examine the relation between the SFEs and the volume densities of molecular gas n(H2) in the eight different regions within the galactic disk with CO data combined with archival far-ultraviolet and 24 µm data. We confirmed that SFE in the bar region is lower by 39% than that in the spiral arms. Moreover, velocity-alignment stacking analysis was performed for the spectra in the individual regions. The integrated intensity ratios of 12CO to 13CO (R12/13) range from 10 to 17 as the results of stacking. Fixing a kinetic temperature of molecular gas, n(H2) was derived from R12/13 via non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) analysis. The density n(H2) in the bar is lower by 31–37% than that in the arms and there is a rather tight positive correlation between SFEs and n(H2), with a correlation coefficient of ∼ 0.8. Furthermore, we found a dependence of n(H2) on the velocity dispersion of inter-molecular clouds (∆V / sin i). Specifically, n(H2) increases as ∆V / sin i increases when ∆V / sin i < 100 km s−1. On the other hand, n(H2) decreases as ∆V / sin i increases when ∆V / sin i > 100 km s−1. These relations indicate that the variations of SFE could be caused by the volume densities of molecular gas, and the volume densities could be governed by the dynamical influence such as cloud-cloud collisions, shear and enhanced inner-cloud turbulence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 12
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual (NGC 4303)
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Galaxies: star formation
  • Radio lines: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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