Time domain reflectometry of spontaneously Brillouin scattered lightwaves in a single-mode optical fiber is demonstrated with a coherent self-heterodyne detection system employing a recently proposed frequency translator, a DFB laser diode, and erbium-doped fiber amplifiers. Since the probe pulse frequency is up-converted by the translator by an amount approximately equal to the Brillouin frequency shift, the self-heterodyne beat frequency can be reduced to a sufficiently low frequency in the IF band. The system enables one-end measurement of the Brillouin frequency shift distribution in optical fibers with a single way dynamic range (SWDR) of 16 dB and a frequency resolution of 5 MHz for a spatial resolution of 100 m.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics