### Abstract

This paper concerns the formation of a coincidence set for the positive solution of the boundary-value problem -ε(φ_{p}(u _{x}))_{x} = φq(u)f(c(x) - u) in I = (-1,1) with u(±1) = 0, where ε is a positive parameter, φ_{p}(s) = |s|^{p-2} s, 1 < q < p < ∞, f(s) ∼ φθ+1(s) (s → 0), 0 < θ < ∞ and c(x) is a positive smooth function satisfying (φ_{p}(c_{x}))_{x} = 0 in I. The positive solution uε(x) converges to c(x) uniformly on any compact subset of I as ε → 0. It is known that if c(x) is constant and θ < p - 1, then the solution coincides with c(x) somewhere in I for sufficiently small ε and the coincidence set Iε = {x ∈ I: uε(x) = c(x)} converges to I as |I \ Iε| ∼ ε^{1/p} (ε → 0). It is proved in this paper that even if c(x) is variable and θ < 1, then I_{ε} has a positive measure and converges to I with order O(ε^{κ}) as ε → 0, where κ = min{1/p, 1/2}. Moreover, it is also shown that, if θ ≥ 1, then I_{ε} is empty for every ε. The proofs rely on comparison principles and an energy method for obtaining local comparison functions.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 587-600 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Differential and Integral Equations |

Volume | 22 |

Issue number | 5-6 |

Publication status | Published - 2009 May 1 |

Externally published | Yes |

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Analysis
- Applied Mathematics