Collision-free guidance control of multiple UAVs with restricted communication networks

Yoshihiko Aida, Yohei Fujisawa, Satoshi Suzuki, Kojiro Iizuka, Takashi Kawamura, Yuichi Ikeda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this paper, collision-free guidance control of multiple small unmanned helicopters is designed. Collision avoidance of the helicopters should be considered in the control system design for safe operation. Therefore, a guidance control system using a distributed nonlinear model predictive control (DNMPC) is proposed to realize the collision avoidance. A constraint for the relative position vector between the each helicopter is considered in the design for efficient avoidance. Small single rotor helicopter is considered as controlled object, and the guidance control system is designed for the nonlinear translational model treated a helicopter as an ellipsoid. DNMPC is designed with three constraints, an input constraint, a state constraint, and a relative position vector constraint. An input constraint and a state constraint realize collision avoidance in input within the constant limits. If the moving path of the one helicopter is significantly affected by the moving path of other helicopter, the relative position vector constraint makes the helicopters exchange their relative position each other. By using these constraints, smooth collision avoidance is realized. The helicopters exchange information about current state and optimal input sequence each other for calculating the predictive trajectory of others. Based on the calculated trajectories, each helicopter solves its local optimization problem. Here, sharing the velocity information is difficult because calculation processing capability of the small sensor and communication capability between UAVs are restricted. Therefore, a dynamic compensator for velocity compensation is introduced. By introducing the dynamic compensator, collision avoidance using only exchange on the position and the input sequence information is accomplished without exchanging velocity information. The effectiveness of the proposed control system is verified by numerical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMOVIC 2014 - 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control
PublisherJapan Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control, MOVIC 2014 - Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
Duration: 2014 Aug 32014 Aug 7

Other

Other12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control, MOVIC 2014
CountryJapan
CitySapporo, Hokkaido
Period14/8/314/8/7

Fingerprint

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
Helicopters
Telecommunication networks
Collision avoidance
Control systems
Model predictive control
Trajectories
Helicopter rotors
Systems analysis
Communication
Sensors
Computer simulation
Processing

Keywords

  • Collision avoidance
  • Distributed nonlinear model predictive control
  • Multiple small unmanned helicopters
  • Restricted communication networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Aida, Y., Fujisawa, Y., Suzuki, S., Iizuka, K., Kawamura, T., & Ikeda, Y. (2014). Collision-free guidance control of multiple UAVs with restricted communication networks. In MOVIC 2014 - 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Collision-free guidance control of multiple UAVs with restricted communication networks. / Aida, Yoshihiko; Fujisawa, Yohei; Suzuki, Satoshi; Iizuka, Kojiro; Kawamura, Takashi; Ikeda, Yuichi.

MOVIC 2014 - 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aida, Y, Fujisawa, Y, Suzuki, S, Iizuka, K, Kawamura, T & Ikeda, Y 2014, Collision-free guidance control of multiple UAVs with restricted communication networks. in MOVIC 2014 - 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control, MOVIC 2014, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, 14/8/3.
Aida Y, Fujisawa Y, Suzuki S, Iizuka K, Kawamura T, Ikeda Y. Collision-free guidance control of multiple UAVs with restricted communication networks. In MOVIC 2014 - 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2014
Aida, Yoshihiko ; Fujisawa, Yohei ; Suzuki, Satoshi ; Iizuka, Kojiro ; Kawamura, Takashi ; Ikeda, Yuichi. / Collision-free guidance control of multiple UAVs with restricted communication networks. MOVIC 2014 - 12th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control. Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2014.
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