Comparison of different approaches to modelling the fishtail shape in RE-123 bulk superconductors

M. Jirsa, M. R. Koblischka, T. Higuchi, M. Muralidhar, M. Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


We analyze and compare properties of different models proposed so far for modelling the shapes of F(B) and J(B) curves measured in RE-Ba2Cu3O7-δ (RE-123, RE = rare earth) samples. The formulas following from the discussed models allow for a direct fit of experimental data in various representations. The models divide in two categories, according to the pinning potential used, namely the power-law and the logarithmic potential. We show that none of the pinning regimes proposed for low-Tc superconductors accounts for the fishtail effect (FE) observed in high-Tc materials. The conventional expressions allow a good fit of high-Tc experimental data, however, the resulting fitting parameters are much higher than those predicted by the theory. The logarithmic pinning potential justified in high-Tc materials by both magnetic and transport experiments leads to F(B) and J(B) functions that decay exponentially at high fields. The fit of experiments on a wide range of RE-123 samples, using only one free parameter, is nearly perfect. The role of free parameters is discussed in all the models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-245
Number of pages11
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Aug 15
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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