Comparison of the sympathetic stimulatory abilities of B-type procyanidins based on induction of uncoupling protein-1 in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and increased plasma catecholamine (CA) in mice

Yuta Nakagawa, Kana Ishimura, Satomi Oya, Masaki Kamino, Yasuyuki Fujii, Fumio Nanba, Toshiya Toda, Takeshi Ishii, Takahiro Adachi, Yoshitomo Suhara, Naomi Osakabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives We previously found that elevated energy expenditure following a single oral dose of flavan 3-ols (FL), a mixture of catechins and B type procyanidins, is caused by sympathetic nerve activation. In the present study, we compared the activity of the FL components (-)-epicate-chin (EC; monomer), procyanidin B2 (B2; dimer), procyanidin C1 (C1; trimer), cinnamtannin A2 (A2; tetramer), and more than pentamer fraction (P5). Methods Male ICR mice were treated with a single oral dose of FL, EC, B2, C1, A2, or P5. The animals were sacrificed and blood and brown adipose tissue (BAT) sampled. The plasma catecholamine (CA) levels and BAT uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 mRNA expression were determined. Results A single dose of 10 mg/kg FL significantly increased plasma CA and UCP-1 mRNA levels. B2, C1, and A2, but not EC and P5 (all at 1 mg/kg), significantly increased plasma adrenaline levels. Plasma noradrenaline was significantly elevated by B2 and A2, but not by EC, C1, or P5. UCP-1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by C1 and P5. In the dose response study of A2, 10−3 mg/kg A2 increased UCP-1 mRNA levels significantly, but not 10−2 and 10−1 mg/kg A2. In addition, combination treatment with 10−1 mg/kg A2 and yohimbine, an α2 adrenalin blocker, remarkably increased UCP-1 mRNA levels. Conclusion These results suggest that FL and its components, except EC, increase UCP-1 mRNA and plasma CA with varying efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0201203
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

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Proanthocyanidins
procyanidins
brown adipose tissue
catecholamines
Catecholamines
Tissue
Plasmas
Messenger RNA
mice
Proteins
proteins
epinephrine
flavanols
Epinephrine
mouth
dosage
yohimbine
Yohimbine
Catechin
norepinephrine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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Comparison of the sympathetic stimulatory abilities of B-type procyanidins based on induction of uncoupling protein-1 in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and increased plasma catecholamine (CA) in mice. / Nakagawa, Yuta; Ishimura, Kana; Oya, Satomi; Kamino, Masaki; Fujii, Yasuyuki; Nanba, Fumio; Toda, Toshiya; Ishii, Takeshi; Adachi, Takahiro; Suhara, Yoshitomo; Osakabe, Naomi.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 7, e0201203, 01.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakagawa, Yuta ; Ishimura, Kana ; Oya, Satomi ; Kamino, Masaki ; Fujii, Yasuyuki ; Nanba, Fumio ; Toda, Toshiya ; Ishii, Takeshi ; Adachi, Takahiro ; Suhara, Yoshitomo ; Osakabe, Naomi. / Comparison of the sympathetic stimulatory abilities of B-type procyanidins based on induction of uncoupling protein-1 in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and increased plasma catecholamine (CA) in mice. In: PLoS One. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 7.
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abstract = "Objectives We previously found that elevated energy expenditure following a single oral dose of flavan 3-ols (FL), a mixture of catechins and B type procyanidins, is caused by sympathetic nerve activation. In the present study, we compared the activity of the FL components (-)-epicate-chin (EC; monomer), procyanidin B2 (B2; dimer), procyanidin C1 (C1; trimer), cinnamtannin A2 (A2; tetramer), and more than pentamer fraction (P5). Methods Male ICR mice were treated with a single oral dose of FL, EC, B2, C1, A2, or P5. The animals were sacrificed and blood and brown adipose tissue (BAT) sampled. The plasma catecholamine (CA) levels and BAT uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 mRNA expression were determined. Results A single dose of 10 mg/kg FL significantly increased plasma CA and UCP-1 mRNA levels. B2, C1, and A2, but not EC and P5 (all at 1 mg/kg), significantly increased plasma adrenaline levels. Plasma noradrenaline was significantly elevated by B2 and A2, but not by EC, C1, or P5. UCP-1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by C1 and P5. In the dose response study of A2, 10−3 mg/kg A2 increased UCP-1 mRNA levels significantly, but not 10−2 and 10−1 mg/kg A2. In addition, combination treatment with 10−1 mg/kg A2 and yohimbine, an α2 adrenalin blocker, remarkably increased UCP-1 mRNA levels. Conclusion These results suggest that FL and its components, except EC, increase UCP-1 mRNA and plasma CA with varying efficacy.",
author = "Yuta Nakagawa and Kana Ishimura and Satomi Oya and Masaki Kamino and Yasuyuki Fujii and Fumio Nanba and Toshiya Toda and Takeshi Ishii and Takahiro Adachi and Yoshitomo Suhara and Naomi Osakabe",
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AU - Nakagawa, Yuta

AU - Ishimura, Kana

AU - Oya, Satomi

AU - Kamino, Masaki

AU - Fujii, Yasuyuki

AU - Nanba, Fumio

AU - Toda, Toshiya

AU - Ishii, Takeshi

AU - Adachi, Takahiro

AU - Suhara, Yoshitomo

AU - Osakabe, Naomi

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N2 - Objectives We previously found that elevated energy expenditure following a single oral dose of flavan 3-ols (FL), a mixture of catechins and B type procyanidins, is caused by sympathetic nerve activation. In the present study, we compared the activity of the FL components (-)-epicate-chin (EC; monomer), procyanidin B2 (B2; dimer), procyanidin C1 (C1; trimer), cinnamtannin A2 (A2; tetramer), and more than pentamer fraction (P5). Methods Male ICR mice were treated with a single oral dose of FL, EC, B2, C1, A2, or P5. The animals were sacrificed and blood and brown adipose tissue (BAT) sampled. The plasma catecholamine (CA) levels and BAT uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 mRNA expression were determined. Results A single dose of 10 mg/kg FL significantly increased plasma CA and UCP-1 mRNA levels. B2, C1, and A2, but not EC and P5 (all at 1 mg/kg), significantly increased plasma adrenaline levels. Plasma noradrenaline was significantly elevated by B2 and A2, but not by EC, C1, or P5. UCP-1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by C1 and P5. In the dose response study of A2, 10−3 mg/kg A2 increased UCP-1 mRNA levels significantly, but not 10−2 and 10−1 mg/kg A2. In addition, combination treatment with 10−1 mg/kg A2 and yohimbine, an α2 adrenalin blocker, remarkably increased UCP-1 mRNA levels. Conclusion These results suggest that FL and its components, except EC, increase UCP-1 mRNA and plasma CA with varying efficacy.

AB - Objectives We previously found that elevated energy expenditure following a single oral dose of flavan 3-ols (FL), a mixture of catechins and B type procyanidins, is caused by sympathetic nerve activation. In the present study, we compared the activity of the FL components (-)-epicate-chin (EC; monomer), procyanidin B2 (B2; dimer), procyanidin C1 (C1; trimer), cinnamtannin A2 (A2; tetramer), and more than pentamer fraction (P5). Methods Male ICR mice were treated with a single oral dose of FL, EC, B2, C1, A2, or P5. The animals were sacrificed and blood and brown adipose tissue (BAT) sampled. The plasma catecholamine (CA) levels and BAT uncoupling protein (UCP)-1 mRNA expression were determined. Results A single dose of 10 mg/kg FL significantly increased plasma CA and UCP-1 mRNA levels. B2, C1, and A2, but not EC and P5 (all at 1 mg/kg), significantly increased plasma adrenaline levels. Plasma noradrenaline was significantly elevated by B2 and A2, but not by EC, C1, or P5. UCP-1 mRNA levels were significantly increased by C1 and P5. In the dose response study of A2, 10−3 mg/kg A2 increased UCP-1 mRNA levels significantly, but not 10−2 and 10−1 mg/kg A2. In addition, combination treatment with 10−1 mg/kg A2 and yohimbine, an α2 adrenalin blocker, remarkably increased UCP-1 mRNA levels. Conclusion These results suggest that FL and its components, except EC, increase UCP-1 mRNA and plasma CA with varying efficacy.

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