Computational evaluations of biomechanical factors in spondylolisthesis

Sota Yamamoto, Eiichi Tanaka, Yuuki Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study is concerned with biomechanical evaluations of isthmic spondylolisthesis that causes slippage of a defected vertebra, Because the frequency of this disease depends on the site of spondylolysis, it is supposed that the mechanical boundary condition in lower lumbar spine has influence on isthmic spondylolisthesis. To clarify the mechanism of isthmic spondylolisthesis, the effects of isthmic defect on stress distribution in intervertebral disks were investigated by using a three-dimensional finite element model of a whole spine. The results of extension motion analyses show that the maximum compressive principal stress of L4-L5 disk in L 4 defect model is significantly increased in comparison with that of an intact model and the instability of the defect vertebra is also increased. Such a high compression on the disk may cause disk degeneration which leads to spondylolisthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-552
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Volume70
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr
Externally publishedYes

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Defects
Stress concentration
Boundary conditions

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Finite Element Method
  • Lumbar Spine
  • Spondylolisthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Computational evaluations of biomechanical factors in spondylolisthesis. / Yamamoto, Sota; Tanaka, Eiichi; Watanabe, Yuuki.

In: Nippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A, Vol. 70, No. 4, 04.2004, p. 546-552.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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