Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission

Makoto Tashiro, Hironori Maejima, Kenichi Toda, Richard Kelley, Lillian Reichenthal, James Lobell, Robert Petre, Matteo Guainazzi, Elisa Costantini, Mark Edison, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Martin Grim, Kiyoshi Hayashida, Jan Willem Den Herder, Yoshitaka Ishisaki, Stéphane Paltani, Kyoko Matsushita, Koji Mori, Gary Sneiderman, Yoh TakeiYukikatsu Terada, Hiroshi Tomida, Hiroki Akamatsu, Lorella Angelini, Yoshitaka Arai, Hisamitsu Awaki, Lurli Babyk, Aya Bamba, Peter Barfknecht, Kim Barnstable, Thomas Bialas, Branimir Blagojevic, Joseph Bonafede, Clifford Brambora, Laura Brenneman, Greg Brown, Kimberly Brown, Laura Burns, Edgar Canavan, Tim Carnahan, Meng Chiao, Brian Comber, Lia Corrales, Cor De Vries, Johannes Dercksen, Maria DIaz-Trigo, Tyrone DIllard, Michael DIpirro, Chris Done, Tadayasu Dotani, Ken Ebisawa, Megan Eckart, Teruaki Enoto, Yuichiro Ezoe, Carlo Ferrigno, Yutaka Fujita, Yasushi Fukazawa, Akihiro Furuzawa, Luigi Gallo, Steve Graham, Liyi Gu, Kohichi Hagino, Kenji Hamaguchi, Isamu Hatsukade, Dean Hawes, Takayuki Hayashi, Cailey Hegarty, Natalie Hell, Junko Hiraga, Edmund Hodges-Kluck, Matt Holland, Ann Hornschemeier, Akio Hoshino, Yuto Ichinohe, Ryo Iizuka, Kazunori Ishibashi, Manabu Ishida, Kumi Ishikawa, Kosei Ishimura, Bryan James, Timothy Kallman, Erin Kara, Satoru Katsuda, Steven Kenyon, Caroline Kilbourne, Mark Kimball, Takao Kitaguchi, Shunji Kitamoto, Shogo Kobayashi, Takayoshi Kohmura, Shu Koyama, Aya Kubota, Maurice Leutenegger, Tom Lockard, Mike Loewenstein, Yoshitomo Maeda, Lynette Marbley, Maxim Markevitch, Connor Martz, Hironori Matsumoto, Keiichi Matsuzaki, Dan McCammon, Brian McNamara, Joseph Miko, Eric Miller, Jon Miller, Kenji Minesugi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Tsunefumi Mizuno, Hideyuki Mori, Koji Mukai, Hiroshi Murakami, Richard Mushotzky, Hiroshi Nakajima, Hideto Nakamura, Shinya Nakashima, Kazuhiro Nakazawa, Chikara Natsukari, Kenichiro Nigo, Yusuke Nishioka, Kumiko Nobukawa, Masayoshi Nobukawa, Hirofumi Noda, Hirokazu Odaka, Mina Ogawa, Takaya Ohashi, Masahiro Ohno, Masayuki Ohta, Takashi Okajima, Atsushi Okamoto, Michitaka Onizuka, Naomi Ota, Masanobu Ozaki, Paul Plucinsky, F. Scott Porter, Katja Pottschmidt, Kosuke Sato, Rie Sato, Makoto Sawada, Hiromi Seta, Ken Shelton, Yasuko Shibano, Maki Shida, Megumi Shidatsu, Peter Shirron, Aurora Simionescu, Randall Smith, Kazunori Someya, Yang Soong, Yasuharu Suagawara, Andy Szymkowiak, Hiromitsu Takahashi, Toru Tamagawa, Takayuki Tamura, Takaaki Tanaka, Yuichi Terashima, Yohko Tsuboi, Masahiro Tsujimoto, Hiroshi Tsunemi, Takeshi Tsuru, Hiroyuki Uchida, Hideki Uchiyama, Yoshihiro Ueda, Shinichiro Uno, Thomas Walsh, Shin Watanabe, Brian Williams, Rob Wolfs, Michael Wright, Shinya Yamada, Hiroya Yamaguchi, Kazutaka Yamaoka, Noriko Yamasaki, Shigeo Yamauchi, Makoto Yamauchi, Keiichi Yanagase, Tahir Yaqoob, Susumu Yasuda, Nasa Yoshioka, Jaime Zabala, Zhuravleva Irina

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,"Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy".1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: "Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects". To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
EditorsShouleh Nikzad, Jan-Willem A. Den Herder, Kazuhiro Nakazawa
PublisherSPIE
Volume10699
ISBN (Print)9781510619517
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Austin, United States
Duration: 2018 Jun 102018 Jun 15

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period18/6/1018/6/15

Fingerprint

Astronomy
astronomy
recovery
Recovery
X rays
x rays
Astrophysics
X ray spectroscopy
Calorimeters
universe
astrophysics
X ray cameras
high resolution
X ray spectrometers
Plasmas
Regain
Galaxies
calorimeters
Attitude control
Spectral resolution

Keywords

  • CCD
  • microcalorimeter
  • X-ray
  • X-ray Astronomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Tashiro, M., Maejima, H., Toda, K., Kelley, R., Reichenthal, L., Lobell, J., ... Irina, Z. (2018). Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. In S. Nikzad, J-W. A. Den Herder, & K. Nakazawa (Eds.), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray (Vol. 10699). [1069922] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455

Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. / Tashiro, Makoto; Maejima, Hironori; Toda, Kenichi; Kelley, Richard; Reichenthal, Lillian; Lobell, James; Petre, Robert; Guainazzi, Matteo; Costantini, Elisa; Edison, Mark; Fujimoto, Ryuichi; Grim, Martin; Hayashida, Kiyoshi; Den Herder, Jan Willem; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka; Paltani, Stéphane; Matsushita, Kyoko; Mori, Koji; Sneiderman, Gary; Takei, Yoh; Terada, Yukikatsu; Tomida, Hiroshi; Akamatsu, Hiroki; Angelini, Lorella; Arai, Yoshitaka; Awaki, Hisamitsu; Babyk, Lurli; Bamba, Aya; Barfknecht, Peter; Barnstable, Kim; Bialas, Thomas; Blagojevic, Branimir; Bonafede, Joseph; Brambora, Clifford; Brenneman, Laura; Brown, Greg; Brown, Kimberly; Burns, Laura; Canavan, Edgar; Carnahan, Tim; Chiao, Meng; Comber, Brian; Corrales, Lia; De Vries, Cor; Dercksen, Johannes; DIaz-Trigo, Maria; DIllard, Tyrone; DIpirro, Michael; Done, Chris; Dotani, Tadayasu; Ebisawa, Ken; Eckart, Megan; Enoto, Teruaki; Ezoe, Yuichiro; Ferrigno, Carlo; Fujita, Yutaka; Fukazawa, Yasushi; Furuzawa, Akihiro; Gallo, Luigi; Graham, Steve; Gu, Liyi; Hagino, Kohichi; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Hatsukade, Isamu; Hawes, Dean; Hayashi, Takayuki; Hegarty, Cailey; Hell, Natalie; Hiraga, Junko; Hodges-Kluck, Edmund; Holland, Matt; Hornschemeier, Ann; Hoshino, Akio; Ichinohe, Yuto; Iizuka, Ryo; Ishibashi, Kazunori; Ishida, Manabu; Ishikawa, Kumi; Ishimura, Kosei; James, Bryan; Kallman, Timothy; Kara, Erin; Katsuda, Satoru; Kenyon, Steven; Kilbourne, Caroline; Kimball, Mark; Kitaguchi, Takao; Kitamoto, Shunji; Kobayashi, Shogo; Kohmura, Takayoshi; Koyama, Shu; Kubota, Aya; Leutenegger, Maurice; Lockard, Tom; Loewenstein, Mike; Maeda, Yoshitomo; Marbley, Lynette; Markevitch, Maxim; Martz, Connor; Matsumoto, Hironori; Matsuzaki, Keiichi; McCammon, Dan; McNamara, Brian; Miko, Joseph; Miller, Eric; Miller, Jon; Minesugi, Kenji; Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki; Mizuno, Tsunefumi; Mori, Hideyuki; Mukai, Koji; Murakami, Hiroshi; Mushotzky, Richard; Nakajima, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Hideto; Nakashima, Shinya; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro; Natsukari, Chikara; Nigo, Kenichiro; Nishioka, Yusuke; Nobukawa, Kumiko; Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Noda, Hirofumi; Odaka, Hirokazu; Ogawa, Mina; Ohashi, Takaya; Ohno, Masahiro; Ohta, Masayuki; Okajima, Takashi; Okamoto, Atsushi; Onizuka, Michitaka; Ota, Naomi; Ozaki, Masanobu; Plucinsky, Paul; Porter, F. Scott; Pottschmidt, Katja; Sato, Kosuke; Sato, Rie; Sawada, Makoto; Seta, Hiromi; Shelton, Ken; Shibano, Yasuko; Shida, Maki; Shidatsu, Megumi; Shirron, Peter; Simionescu, Aurora; Smith, Randall; Someya, Kazunori; Soong, Yang; Suagawara, Yasuharu; Szymkowiak, Andy; Takahashi, Hiromitsu; Tamagawa, Toru; Tamura, Takayuki; Tanaka, Takaaki; Terashima, Yuichi; Tsuboi, Yohko; Tsujimoto, Masahiro; Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Tsuru, Takeshi; Uchida, Hiroyuki; Uchiyama, Hideki; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Uno, Shinichiro; Walsh, Thomas; Watanabe, Shin; Williams, Brian; Wolfs, Rob; Wright, Michael; Yamada, Shinya; Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Yamaoka, Kazutaka; Yamasaki, Noriko; Yamauchi, Shigeo; Yamauchi, Makoto; Yanagase, Keiichi; Yaqoob, Tahir; Yasuda, Susumu; Yoshioka, Nasa; Zabala, Jaime; Irina, Zhuravleva.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. ed. / Shouleh Nikzad; Jan-Willem A. Den Herder; Kazuhiro Nakazawa. Vol. 10699 SPIE, 2018. 1069922.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tashiro, M, Maejima, H, Toda, K, Kelley, R, Reichenthal, L, Lobell, J, Petre, R, Guainazzi, M, Costantini, E, Edison, M, Fujimoto, R, Grim, M, Hayashida, K, Den Herder, JW, Ishisaki, Y, Paltani, S, Matsushita, K, Mori, K, Sneiderman, G, Takei, Y, Terada, Y, Tomida, H, Akamatsu, H, Angelini, L, Arai, Y, Awaki, H, Babyk, L, Bamba, A, Barfknecht, P, Barnstable, K, Bialas, T, Blagojevic, B, Bonafede, J, Brambora, C, Brenneman, L, Brown, G, Brown, K, Burns, L, Canavan, E, Carnahan, T, Chiao, M, Comber, B, Corrales, L, De Vries, C, Dercksen, J, DIaz-Trigo, M, DIllard, T, DIpirro, M, Done, C, Dotani, T, Ebisawa, K, Eckart, M, Enoto, T, Ezoe, Y, Ferrigno, C, Fujita, Y, Fukazawa, Y, Furuzawa, A, Gallo, L, Graham, S, Gu, L, Hagino, K, Hamaguchi, K, Hatsukade, I, Hawes, D, Hayashi, T, Hegarty, C, Hell, N, Hiraga, J, Hodges-Kluck, E, Holland, M, Hornschemeier, A, Hoshino, A, Ichinohe, Y, Iizuka, R, Ishibashi, K, Ishida, M, Ishikawa, K, Ishimura, K, James, B, Kallman, T, Kara, E, Katsuda, S, Kenyon, S, Kilbourne, C, Kimball, M, Kitaguchi, T, Kitamoto, S, Kobayashi, S, Kohmura, T, Koyama, S, Kubota, A, Leutenegger, M, Lockard, T, Loewenstein, M, Maeda, Y, Marbley, L, Markevitch, M, Martz, C, Matsumoto, H, Matsuzaki, K, McCammon, D, McNamara, B, Miko, J, Miller, E, Miller, J, Minesugi, K, Mitsuishi, I, Mizuno, T, Mori, H, Mukai, K, Murakami, H, Mushotzky, R, Nakajima, H, Nakamura, H, Nakashima, S, Nakazawa, K, Natsukari, C, Nigo, K, Nishioka, Y, Nobukawa, K, Nobukawa, M, Noda, H, Odaka, H, Ogawa, M, Ohashi, T, Ohno, M, Ohta, M, Okajima, T, Okamoto, A, Onizuka, M, Ota, N, Ozaki, M, Plucinsky, P, Porter, FS, Pottschmidt, K, Sato, K, Sato, R, Sawada, M, Seta, H, Shelton, K, Shibano, Y, Shida, M, Shidatsu, M, Shirron, P, Simionescu, A, Smith, R, Someya, K, Soong, Y, Suagawara, Y, Szymkowiak, A, Takahashi, H, Tamagawa, T, Tamura, T, Tanaka, T, Terashima, Y, Tsuboi, Y, Tsujimoto, M, Tsunemi, H, Tsuru, T, Uchida, H, Uchiyama, H, Ueda, Y, Uno, S, Walsh, T, Watanabe, S, Williams, B, Wolfs, R, Wright, M, Yamada, S, Yamaguchi, H, Yamaoka, K, Yamasaki, N, Yamauchi, S, Yamauchi, M, Yanagase, K, Yaqoob, T, Yasuda, S, Yoshioka, N, Zabala, J & Irina, Z 2018, Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. in S Nikzad, J-WA Den Herder & K Nakazawa (eds), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. vol. 10699, 1069922, SPIE, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, Austin, United States, 18/6/10. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455
Tashiro M, Maejima H, Toda K, Kelley R, Reichenthal L, Lobell J et al. Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. In Nikzad S, Den Herder J-WA, Nakazawa K, editors, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. Vol. 10699. SPIE. 2018. 1069922 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2309455
Tashiro, Makoto ; Maejima, Hironori ; Toda, Kenichi ; Kelley, Richard ; Reichenthal, Lillian ; Lobell, James ; Petre, Robert ; Guainazzi, Matteo ; Costantini, Elisa ; Edison, Mark ; Fujimoto, Ryuichi ; Grim, Martin ; Hayashida, Kiyoshi ; Den Herder, Jan Willem ; Ishisaki, Yoshitaka ; Paltani, Stéphane ; Matsushita, Kyoko ; Mori, Koji ; Sneiderman, Gary ; Takei, Yoh ; Terada, Yukikatsu ; Tomida, Hiroshi ; Akamatsu, Hiroki ; Angelini, Lorella ; Arai, Yoshitaka ; Awaki, Hisamitsu ; Babyk, Lurli ; Bamba, Aya ; Barfknecht, Peter ; Barnstable, Kim ; Bialas, Thomas ; Blagojevic, Branimir ; Bonafede, Joseph ; Brambora, Clifford ; Brenneman, Laura ; Brown, Greg ; Brown, Kimberly ; Burns, Laura ; Canavan, Edgar ; Carnahan, Tim ; Chiao, Meng ; Comber, Brian ; Corrales, Lia ; De Vries, Cor ; Dercksen, Johannes ; DIaz-Trigo, Maria ; DIllard, Tyrone ; DIpirro, Michael ; Done, Chris ; Dotani, Tadayasu ; Ebisawa, Ken ; Eckart, Megan ; Enoto, Teruaki ; Ezoe, Yuichiro ; Ferrigno, Carlo ; Fujita, Yutaka ; Fukazawa, Yasushi ; Furuzawa, Akihiro ; Gallo, Luigi ; Graham, Steve ; Gu, Liyi ; Hagino, Kohichi ; Hamaguchi, Kenji ; Hatsukade, Isamu ; Hawes, Dean ; Hayashi, Takayuki ; Hegarty, Cailey ; Hell, Natalie ; Hiraga, Junko ; Hodges-Kluck, Edmund ; Holland, Matt ; Hornschemeier, Ann ; Hoshino, Akio ; Ichinohe, Yuto ; Iizuka, Ryo ; Ishibashi, Kazunori ; Ishida, Manabu ; Ishikawa, Kumi ; Ishimura, Kosei ; James, Bryan ; Kallman, Timothy ; Kara, Erin ; Katsuda, Satoru ; Kenyon, Steven ; Kilbourne, Caroline ; Kimball, Mark ; Kitaguchi, Takao ; Kitamoto, Shunji ; Kobayashi, Shogo ; Kohmura, Takayoshi ; Koyama, Shu ; Kubota, Aya ; Leutenegger, Maurice ; Lockard, Tom ; Loewenstein, Mike ; Maeda, Yoshitomo ; Marbley, Lynette ; Markevitch, Maxim ; Martz, Connor ; Matsumoto, Hironori ; Matsuzaki, Keiichi ; McCammon, Dan ; McNamara, Brian ; Miko, Joseph ; Miller, Eric ; Miller, Jon ; Minesugi, Kenji ; Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki ; Mizuno, Tsunefumi ; Mori, Hideyuki ; Mukai, Koji ; Murakami, Hiroshi ; Mushotzky, Richard ; Nakajima, Hiroshi ; Nakamura, Hideto ; Nakashima, Shinya ; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro ; Natsukari, Chikara ; Nigo, Kenichiro ; Nishioka, Yusuke ; Nobukawa, Kumiko ; Nobukawa, Masayoshi ; Noda, Hirofumi ; Odaka, Hirokazu ; Ogawa, Mina ; Ohashi, Takaya ; Ohno, Masahiro ; Ohta, Masayuki ; Okajima, Takashi ; Okamoto, Atsushi ; Onizuka, Michitaka ; Ota, Naomi ; Ozaki, Masanobu ; Plucinsky, Paul ; Porter, F. Scott ; Pottschmidt, Katja ; Sato, Kosuke ; Sato, Rie ; Sawada, Makoto ; Seta, Hiromi ; Shelton, Ken ; Shibano, Yasuko ; Shida, Maki ; Shidatsu, Megumi ; Shirron, Peter ; Simionescu, Aurora ; Smith, Randall ; Someya, Kazunori ; Soong, Yang ; Suagawara, Yasuharu ; Szymkowiak, Andy ; Takahashi, Hiromitsu ; Tamagawa, Toru ; Tamura, Takayuki ; Tanaka, Takaaki ; Terashima, Yuichi ; Tsuboi, Yohko ; Tsujimoto, Masahiro ; Tsunemi, Hiroshi ; Tsuru, Takeshi ; Uchida, Hiroyuki ; Uchiyama, Hideki ; Ueda, Yoshihiro ; Uno, Shinichiro ; Walsh, Thomas ; Watanabe, Shin ; Williams, Brian ; Wolfs, Rob ; Wright, Michael ; Yamada, Shinya ; Yamaguchi, Hiroya ; Yamaoka, Kazutaka ; Yamasaki, Noriko ; Yamauchi, Shigeo ; Yamauchi, Makoto ; Yanagase, Keiichi ; Yaqoob, Tahir ; Yasuda, Susumu ; Yoshioka, Nasa ; Zabala, Jaime ; Irina, Zhuravleva. / Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. editor / Shouleh Nikzad ; Jan-Willem A. Den Herder ; Kazuhiro Nakazawa. Vol. 10699 SPIE, 2018.
@inproceedings{53d34e63f4da48b7a380d56b1c225773,
title = "Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission",
abstract = "The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,{"}Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy{"}.1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: {"}Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects{"}. To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.",
keywords = "CCD, microcalorimeter, X-ray, X-ray Astronomy",
author = "Makoto Tashiro and Hironori Maejima and Kenichi Toda and Richard Kelley and Lillian Reichenthal and James Lobell and Robert Petre and Matteo Guainazzi and Elisa Costantini and Mark Edison and Ryuichi Fujimoto and Martin Grim and Kiyoshi Hayashida and {Den Herder}, {Jan Willem} and Yoshitaka Ishisaki and St{\'e}phane Paltani and Kyoko Matsushita and Koji Mori and Gary Sneiderman and Yoh Takei and Yukikatsu Terada and Hiroshi Tomida and Hiroki Akamatsu and Lorella Angelini and Yoshitaka Arai and Hisamitsu Awaki and Lurli Babyk and Aya Bamba and Peter Barfknecht and Kim Barnstable and Thomas Bialas and Branimir Blagojevic and Joseph Bonafede and Clifford Brambora and Laura Brenneman and Greg Brown and Kimberly Brown and Laura Burns and Edgar Canavan and Tim Carnahan and Meng Chiao and Brian Comber and Lia Corrales and {De Vries}, Cor and Johannes Dercksen and Maria DIaz-Trigo and Tyrone DIllard and Michael DIpirro and Chris Done and Tadayasu Dotani and Ken Ebisawa and Megan Eckart and Teruaki Enoto and Yuichiro Ezoe and Carlo Ferrigno and Yutaka Fujita and Yasushi Fukazawa and Akihiro Furuzawa and Luigi Gallo and Steve Graham and Liyi Gu and Kohichi Hagino and Kenji Hamaguchi and Isamu Hatsukade and Dean Hawes and Takayuki Hayashi and Cailey Hegarty and Natalie Hell and Junko Hiraga and Edmund Hodges-Kluck and Matt Holland and Ann Hornschemeier and Akio Hoshino and Yuto Ichinohe and Ryo Iizuka and Kazunori Ishibashi and Manabu Ishida and Kumi Ishikawa and Kosei Ishimura and Bryan James and Timothy Kallman and Erin Kara and Satoru Katsuda and Steven Kenyon and Caroline Kilbourne and Mark Kimball and Takao Kitaguchi and Shunji Kitamoto and Shogo Kobayashi and Takayoshi Kohmura and Shu Koyama and Aya Kubota and Maurice Leutenegger and Tom Lockard and Mike Loewenstein and Yoshitomo Maeda and Lynette Marbley and Maxim Markevitch and Connor Martz and Hironori Matsumoto and Keiichi Matsuzaki and Dan McCammon and Brian McNamara and Joseph Miko and Eric Miller and Jon Miller and Kenji Minesugi and Ikuyuki Mitsuishi and Tsunefumi Mizuno and Hideyuki Mori and Koji Mukai and Hiroshi Murakami and Richard Mushotzky and Hiroshi Nakajima and Hideto Nakamura and Shinya Nakashima and Kazuhiro Nakazawa and Chikara Natsukari and Kenichiro Nigo and Yusuke Nishioka and Kumiko Nobukawa and Masayoshi Nobukawa and Hirofumi Noda and Hirokazu Odaka and Mina Ogawa and Takaya Ohashi and Masahiro Ohno and Masayuki Ohta and Takashi Okajima and Atsushi Okamoto and Michitaka Onizuka and Naomi Ota and Masanobu Ozaki and Paul Plucinsky and Porter, {F. Scott} and Katja Pottschmidt and Kosuke Sato and Rie Sato and Makoto Sawada and Hiromi Seta and Ken Shelton and Yasuko Shibano and Maki Shida and Megumi Shidatsu and Peter Shirron and Aurora Simionescu and Randall Smith and Kazunori Someya and Yang Soong and Yasuharu Suagawara and Andy Szymkowiak and Hiromitsu Takahashi and Toru Tamagawa and Takayuki Tamura and Takaaki Tanaka and Yuichi Terashima and Yohko Tsuboi and Masahiro Tsujimoto and Hiroshi Tsunemi and Takeshi Tsuru and Hiroyuki Uchida and Hideki Uchiyama and Yoshihiro Ueda and Shinichiro Uno and Thomas Walsh and Shin Watanabe and Brian Williams and Rob Wolfs and Michael Wright and Shinya Yamada and Hiroya Yamaguchi and Kazutaka Yamaoka and Noriko Yamasaki and Shigeo Yamauchi and Makoto Yamauchi and Keiichi Yanagase and Tahir Yaqoob and Susumu Yasuda and Nasa Yoshioka and Jaime Zabala and Zhuravleva Irina",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.2309455",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781510619517",
volume = "10699",
editor = "Shouleh Nikzad and {Den Herder}, {Jan-Willem A.} and Kazuhiro Nakazawa",
booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018",
publisher = "SPIE",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Concept of the X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission

AU - Tashiro, Makoto

AU - Maejima, Hironori

AU - Toda, Kenichi

AU - Kelley, Richard

AU - Reichenthal, Lillian

AU - Lobell, James

AU - Petre, Robert

AU - Guainazzi, Matteo

AU - Costantini, Elisa

AU - Edison, Mark

AU - Fujimoto, Ryuichi

AU - Grim, Martin

AU - Hayashida, Kiyoshi

AU - Den Herder, Jan Willem

AU - Ishisaki, Yoshitaka

AU - Paltani, Stéphane

AU - Matsushita, Kyoko

AU - Mori, Koji

AU - Sneiderman, Gary

AU - Takei, Yoh

AU - Terada, Yukikatsu

AU - Tomida, Hiroshi

AU - Akamatsu, Hiroki

AU - Angelini, Lorella

AU - Arai, Yoshitaka

AU - Awaki, Hisamitsu

AU - Babyk, Lurli

AU - Bamba, Aya

AU - Barfknecht, Peter

AU - Barnstable, Kim

AU - Bialas, Thomas

AU - Blagojevic, Branimir

AU - Bonafede, Joseph

AU - Brambora, Clifford

AU - Brenneman, Laura

AU - Brown, Greg

AU - Brown, Kimberly

AU - Burns, Laura

AU - Canavan, Edgar

AU - Carnahan, Tim

AU - Chiao, Meng

AU - Comber, Brian

AU - Corrales, Lia

AU - De Vries, Cor

AU - Dercksen, Johannes

AU - DIaz-Trigo, Maria

AU - DIllard, Tyrone

AU - DIpirro, Michael

AU - Done, Chris

AU - Dotani, Tadayasu

AU - Ebisawa, Ken

AU - Eckart, Megan

AU - Enoto, Teruaki

AU - Ezoe, Yuichiro

AU - Ferrigno, Carlo

AU - Fujita, Yutaka

AU - Fukazawa, Yasushi

AU - Furuzawa, Akihiro

AU - Gallo, Luigi

AU - Graham, Steve

AU - Gu, Liyi

AU - Hagino, Kohichi

AU - Hamaguchi, Kenji

AU - Hatsukade, Isamu

AU - Hawes, Dean

AU - Hayashi, Takayuki

AU - Hegarty, Cailey

AU - Hell, Natalie

AU - Hiraga, Junko

AU - Hodges-Kluck, Edmund

AU - Holland, Matt

AU - Hornschemeier, Ann

AU - Hoshino, Akio

AU - Ichinohe, Yuto

AU - Iizuka, Ryo

AU - Ishibashi, Kazunori

AU - Ishida, Manabu

AU - Ishikawa, Kumi

AU - Ishimura, Kosei

AU - James, Bryan

AU - Kallman, Timothy

AU - Kara, Erin

AU - Katsuda, Satoru

AU - Kenyon, Steven

AU - Kilbourne, Caroline

AU - Kimball, Mark

AU - Kitaguchi, Takao

AU - Kitamoto, Shunji

AU - Kobayashi, Shogo

AU - Kohmura, Takayoshi

AU - Koyama, Shu

AU - Kubota, Aya

AU - Leutenegger, Maurice

AU - Lockard, Tom

AU - Loewenstein, Mike

AU - Maeda, Yoshitomo

AU - Marbley, Lynette

AU - Markevitch, Maxim

AU - Martz, Connor

AU - Matsumoto, Hironori

AU - Matsuzaki, Keiichi

AU - McCammon, Dan

AU - McNamara, Brian

AU - Miko, Joseph

AU - Miller, Eric

AU - Miller, Jon

AU - Minesugi, Kenji

AU - Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki

AU - Mizuno, Tsunefumi

AU - Mori, Hideyuki

AU - Mukai, Koji

AU - Murakami, Hiroshi

AU - Mushotzky, Richard

AU - Nakajima, Hiroshi

AU - Nakamura, Hideto

AU - Nakashima, Shinya

AU - Nakazawa, Kazuhiro

AU - Natsukari, Chikara

AU - Nigo, Kenichiro

AU - Nishioka, Yusuke

AU - Nobukawa, Kumiko

AU - Nobukawa, Masayoshi

AU - Noda, Hirofumi

AU - Odaka, Hirokazu

AU - Ogawa, Mina

AU - Ohashi, Takaya

AU - Ohno, Masahiro

AU - Ohta, Masayuki

AU - Okajima, Takashi

AU - Okamoto, Atsushi

AU - Onizuka, Michitaka

AU - Ota, Naomi

AU - Ozaki, Masanobu

AU - Plucinsky, Paul

AU - Porter, F. Scott

AU - Pottschmidt, Katja

AU - Sato, Kosuke

AU - Sato, Rie

AU - Sawada, Makoto

AU - Seta, Hiromi

AU - Shelton, Ken

AU - Shibano, Yasuko

AU - Shida, Maki

AU - Shidatsu, Megumi

AU - Shirron, Peter

AU - Simionescu, Aurora

AU - Smith, Randall

AU - Someya, Kazunori

AU - Soong, Yang

AU - Suagawara, Yasuharu

AU - Szymkowiak, Andy

AU - Takahashi, Hiromitsu

AU - Tamagawa, Toru

AU - Tamura, Takayuki

AU - Tanaka, Takaaki

AU - Terashima, Yuichi

AU - Tsuboi, Yohko

AU - Tsujimoto, Masahiro

AU - Tsunemi, Hiroshi

AU - Tsuru, Takeshi

AU - Uchida, Hiroyuki

AU - Uchiyama, Hideki

AU - Ueda, Yoshihiro

AU - Uno, Shinichiro

AU - Walsh, Thomas

AU - Watanabe, Shin

AU - Williams, Brian

AU - Wolfs, Rob

AU - Wright, Michael

AU - Yamada, Shinya

AU - Yamaguchi, Hiroya

AU - Yamaoka, Kazutaka

AU - Yamasaki, Noriko

AU - Yamauchi, Shigeo

AU - Yamauchi, Makoto

AU - Yanagase, Keiichi

AU - Yaqoob, Tahir

AU - Yasuda, Susumu

AU - Yoshioka, Nasa

AU - Zabala, Jaime

AU - Irina, Zhuravleva

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,"Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy".1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: "Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects". To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.

AB - The ASTRO-H mission was designed and developed through an international collaboration of JAXA, NASA, ESA, and the CSA. It was successfully launched on February 17, 2016, and then named Hitomi. During the in-orbit verification phase, the on-board observational instruments functioned as expected. The intricate coolant and refrigeration systems for soft X-ray spectrometer (SXS, a quantum micro-calorimeter) and soft X-ray imager (SXI, an X-ray CCD) also functioned as expected. However, on March 26, 2016, operations were prematurely terminated by a series of abnormal events and mishaps triggered by the attitude control system. These errors led to a fatal event: the loss of the solar panels on the Hitomi mission. The X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission (or, XARM) is proposed to regain the key scientific advances anticipated by the international collaboration behind Hitomi. XARM will recover this science in the shortest time possible by focusing on one of the main science goals of Hitomi,"Resolving astrophysical problems by precise high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy".1 This decision was reached after evaluating the performance of the instruments aboard Hitomi and the mission's initial scientific results, and considering the landscape of planned international X-ray astrophysics missions in 2020's and 2030's. Hitomi opened the door to high-resolution spectroscopy in the X-ray universe. It revealed a number of discrepancies between new observational results and prior theoretical predictions. Yet, the resolution pioneered by Hitomi is also the key to answering these and other fundamental questions. The high spectral resolution realized by XARM will not offer mere refinements; rather, it will enable qualitative leaps in astrophysics and plasma physics. XARM has therefore been given a broad scientific charge: "Revealing material circulation and energy transfer in cosmic plasmas and elucidating evolution of cosmic structures and objects". To fulfill this charge, four categories of science objectives that were defined for Hitomi will also be pursued by XARM; these include (1) Structure formation of the Universe and evolution of clusters of galaxies; (2) Circulation history of baryonic matters in the Universe; (3) Transport and circulation of energy in the Universe; (4) New science with unprecedented high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. In order to achieve these scientific objectives, XARM will carry a 6 × 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly, and an aligned X-ray CCD camera covering the same energy band and a wider field of view. This paper introduces the science objectives, mission concept, and observing plan of XARM.

KW - CCD

KW - microcalorimeter

KW - X-ray

KW - X-ray Astronomy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051857277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051857277&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2309455

DO - 10.1117/12.2309455

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85051857277

SN - 9781510619517

VL - 10699

BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2018

A2 - Nikzad, Shouleh

A2 - Den Herder, Jan-Willem A.

A2 - Nakazawa, Kazuhiro

PB - SPIE

ER -