Continuous monitoring for cyanide in waste water with a galvanic hydrogen cyanide sensor using a purge system

Hiromitsu Hachiya, Satoshi Ito, Yoshito Fushinuki, Takashi Masadome, Yasukazu Asano, Toshihiko Imato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A continuous monitoring system for cyanide with a galvanic hydrogen cyanide sensor and an aeration pump for purging was developed. Hydrogen cyanide evolved from cyanide solution using a purging pump was measured with the hydrogen cyanide sensor. The system showed good performance in terms of stability and selectivity. A linear calibration curve was obtained in the concentrating range from 0 to 15 mg dm3 of cyanide ion with a slope of - 0.24 μA mg-1 dm-3. The lower detection limit was 0.1 mg dm-3. The 90% response time of the sensor system was within 3.5 min for a 0.5 mg dm-3 cyanide solution, when the flow rate of the purging air was 1 dm3 min-1. The system maintained the initial performance for 6 months in the field test. The developed galvanic sensor system was not subject to interference from sulfide and residual chlorine, compared with a potentiometric sensor system developed previously. The analytical results obtained by the present system were in good agreement with those obtained by the pyridine pyrazolone method. The correlation factor and regression line between both methods were 0.979 and Y = 2.30 x 10-4 + 1.12X, respectively. This system was successfully applied for a continuous monitoring of cyanide ion in waste water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1004
Number of pages8
JournalTalanta
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 May 10
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemical sensor
  • Continuous monitoring
  • Cyanide
  • Galvanic cell
  • Gas phase
  • Industrial waste water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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