Control of the Nd422 second phase for the improvement of the critical current density in Nd-Ba-Cu-O superconductors

H. Kojo, S. I. Yoo, Naomichi Sakai, Masato Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


Effects of size and volume fraction of the Nd4Ba2Cu2O10 (Nd422) second phase on the critical current density (Jc) were studied for the Nd-Ba-Cu-O bulk superconductors fabricated by an oxygen-controlled-melt-growth (OCMG) process. The size of the Nd422 second phase trapped in NdBa2Cu3Oy (Nd123) superconducting matrix was controlled using two different precursors of Nd123-Nd422 powders and the melt-quenched powders. Finer Nd422 second phase with an average diameter of 1-2μm was obtained in the sample fabricated from the mixture of Nd123-Nd422 precursors when the initial Nd422 powders of less than 1μm was employed. The Jc was significantly improved especially in low field by refining the Nd422 second phase. While a small amount of Nd422 addition increases the Jc in low field without sacrificing the Jc near the fishtail peak, the peak effect was drastically depressed by increasing the volume fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-86
Number of pages4
JournalSuperlattices and Microstructures
Issue numberSuppl A
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this