Corrosion resistance of multilayered magnesium phosphate/magnesium hydroxide film formed on magnesium alloy using steam-curing assisted chemical conversion method

Takahiro Ishizaki, Ruriko Kudo, Takeshi Omi, Katsuya Teshima, Tsutomu Sonoda, Ichinori Shigematsu, Michiru Sakamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)


Anticorrosive multilayered films were successfully prepared on magnesium alloy AZ31 by chemical conversion treatment, followed by steam curing treatment. The crystal structures, chemical composition, surface morphologies, chemical bonding states of the film was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) measurements. All the films had thicknesses of ranging from 24 to 32 μm. The film had two layers that were composed of crystalline NH 4MgPO 4·H 2O, Mg 2PO 4OH·3H 2O, Mg(OH) 2 and amorphous MgO. The outer layers include magnesium, oxygen, and phosphorous, and the inner layers include magnesium and oxygen. The corrosion resistant performances of the multilayered films in 5 wt% NaCl aqueous solution were investigated by electrochemical and gravimetric measurements. The potentiodynamic polarization curves revealed that the corrosion current density (j corr) of all the film coated magnesium alloys decreased by more than four orders of magnitude as compared to that of the bare magnesium alloy, indicating that all the films had an inhibiting effect of corrosion reaction. Gravimetric measurements showed that the average corrosion rates obtained from the weight loss rates were estimated to be in the ranges of ca. 0.085-0.129 mm/y. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard D 3359-02 cross cut tape test revealed that the adhesion of our anticorrosive multilayered film to the magnesium alloy surface was very good.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 15
Externally publishedYes



  • Chemical conversion
  • Corrosion resistance
  • Magnesium alloy
  • Magnesium phosphate/magnesium hydroxide film
  • Steam curing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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