Solar-driven water evaporation is a near-perfect utilization of solar energy and a promising solution for water shortage. However, the sunlight-induced evaporation must rely on advanced photothermal conversion materials. In this article, we succeeded in synthesizing commercial Ni foam loading Co3O4 with nanoscale superstructures via hydrothermal-calcination method and studied photothermal conversion performance of this composite. The band gap of Co3O4 is relatively narrow and the multi-level nanostructures anchored on 3D Ni-skeleton increase light–matter interaction length and absorption times, so the Co3O4/Ni foam exhibits excellent light absorption. In the solar -driven water evaporation experiment, the highest evaporation rate is up to 1.226 kg m−2 h−1 and the highest photothermal conversion efficiency is over 80% under the illumination density of 1 kW m−2. After many circular tests, there is not significant decline in efficiency. Based on this, the Ni foam loading Co3O4 nanoforest is a prospective candidate for solar photothermal conversion material.
- Photothermal conversion
- Solar-driven water evaporation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering