Co3O4 nanoforest/Ni foam as the interface heating sheet for the efficient solar-driven water evaporation under one sun

Pengfei Wang, Yufei Gu, Lei Miao, Jianhua Zhou, Hui Su, Anyun Wei, Xiaojiang Mu, Yongzhi Tian, Jiaqi Shi, Huanfu Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solar-driven water evaporation is a near-perfect utilization of solar energy and a promising solution for water shortage. However, the sunlight-induced evaporation must rely on advanced photothermal conversion materials. In this article, we succeeded in synthesizing commercial Ni foam loading Co3O4 with nanoscale superstructures via hydrothermal-calcination method and studied photothermal conversion performance of this composite. The band gap of Co3O4 is relatively narrow and the multi-level nanostructures anchored on 3D Ni-skeleton increase light–matter interaction length and absorption times, so the Co3O4/Ni foam exhibits excellent light absorption. In the solar -driven water evaporation experiment, the highest evaporation rate is up to 1.226 kg m−2 h−1 and the highest photothermal conversion efficiency is over 80% under the illumination density of 1 kW m−2. After many circular tests, there is not significant decline in efficiency. Based on this, the Ni foam loading Co3O4 nanoforest is a prospective candidate for solar photothermal conversion material.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00106
JournalSustainable Materials and Technologies
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CoO
  • Ni-foam
  • Photothermal conversion
  • Solar-driven water evaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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