Covariance structural analysis among living environment, housework and chronic pain

Natsuko Nagasawa, Hitomi Tsutsumi, Yukiko Matsuoka, Ryuichi Kato, Takashi Akimoto, Shin Ichi Tanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this paper is to consider the living environment for health promotion focusing on chronic pain such as the low back pain and shoulder stiffness, that many Japanese people suffer from. The questionnaire survey was conducted with 5000 adult women with a history of pain. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that living environment, activity of daily life including housework and chronic pain consisted of 27 items and five factors: "Chronic Pain", "Stress and Fatigue", "Total Hours of Housework", "Enjoying Housework" and "Satisfaction of Living Environment". Covariance structural analysis revealed the following thing. (1) Four subscales accounted for 73% of the "Chronic Pain." (2) "Stress and Fatigue" have affected "Chronic Pain" greatly. (3) "Enjoying Housework" and "Satisfaction of Living Environment" affected directly on "Chronic Pain" slightly. (4) However, more than it, "Enjoying Housework" and "Satisfaction of Living Environment" affected on "Stress and Fatigue" greatly. As a result, "Chronic Pain" is improved greatly indirectly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering (Japan)
Issue number683
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan



  • Chronic Pain
  • Covariance Structural Analysis
  • Health Promotion
  • Housework
  • Living Environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

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