Cycle analysis of micro gas turbine-solid oxide fuel cell hybrid system

Hideyuki Uechi, Shinji Kimijima, Nobuhide Kasagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Small distributed generation systems are currently attracting much attention because of their high energy utilization efficiency. Among them, a hybrid system based on micro gas turbine (μ GT) and solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is expected to achieve a much higher efficiency than traditional μ GT. In this paper, we investigate the effects of cycle design parameters on the performance and feasibility of a μ GT-SOFC hybrid system for small apartments and businesses. As a result, a general design strategy is found that less direct fuel input to combustor as well as higher recuperator efficiency lead to higher generation efficiency, while higher steam-carbon ratio moderates requirements for the material strength. If is also confirmed that the hybrid system is much superior to the recuperated gas turbine in terms of its power efficiency and aptitude for small distributed generation. The conceptual design of a 30 kW μ GT-SOFC hybrid system, of which diameter and height are 750 mm and 1500 mm, respectively, is shown to give a power efficiency over 65% (LHV) in the best possible case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-635
Number of pages10
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume68
Issue number666
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Feb

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Keywords

  • Cycle analysis
  • Energy
  • Energy saving
  • Fuel cell
  • Gas turbine
  • Hybrid system
  • Thermal efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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