Damage Detection in Transparent Materials Using Non-Contact Laser Excitation by Nano-Second Laser Ablation and High-Speed Polarization-imaging Camera

Naoki Hosoya, R. Umino, I. Kajiwara, Shingo Maeda, T. Onuma, A. Mihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although transparent materials with birefringent properties (e.g., solar panels and separator films for secondary cells) are common, damage detection during the manufacturing process is crucial to economically realize high-quality materials. Herein a method using a pulsed-laser and a high-speed polarization-imaging camera is proposed to rapidly detect damage, including scratches and dents, in transparent materials. Specifically, as stress waves, which are generated by a non-contact impulse excitation from laser ablation, propagate through a material, the stress concentrations induced around damage are measured as the two-dimensional birefringent phase differences using a high-speed polarization-imaging camera with a microsecond-order temporal resolution. When stress is dominant, the distribution of the measured birefringent phase difference can be considered the relative distribution of stress. Using acrylic plates as a representative transparent material with several hundred micrometers of damage (e.g., a dent or a scratch), we demonstrate that the proposed method detects damage in a very short timeframe of several microseconds.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Mechanics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015 Sep 3

Fingerprint

Laser excitation
Damage detection
Laser ablation
Cameras
Polarization
Imaging techniques
Separators
Pulsed lasers
Acrylics
Stress concentration

Keywords

  • Damage detection
  • High-speed polarization-imaging camera
  • Nanosecond laser ablation
  • Non-contact laser excitation
  • Transparent material
  • Two-dimensional birefringent distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Damage Detection in Transparent Materials Using Non-Contact Laser Excitation by Nano-Second Laser Ablation and High-Speed Polarization-imaging Camera",
abstract = "Although transparent materials with birefringent properties (e.g., solar panels and separator films for secondary cells) are common, damage detection during the manufacturing process is crucial to economically realize high-quality materials. Herein a method using a pulsed-laser and a high-speed polarization-imaging camera is proposed to rapidly detect damage, including scratches and dents, in transparent materials. Specifically, as stress waves, which are generated by a non-contact impulse excitation from laser ablation, propagate through a material, the stress concentrations induced around damage are measured as the two-dimensional birefringent phase differences using a high-speed polarization-imaging camera with a microsecond-order temporal resolution. When stress is dominant, the distribution of the measured birefringent phase difference can be considered the relative distribution of stress. Using acrylic plates as a representative transparent material with several hundred micrometers of damage (e.g., a dent or a scratch), we demonstrate that the proposed method detects damage in a very short timeframe of several microseconds.",
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AU - Hosoya, Naoki

AU - Umino, R.

AU - Kajiwara, I.

AU - Maeda, Shingo

AU - Onuma, T.

AU - Mihara, A.

PY - 2015/9/3

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N2 - Although transparent materials with birefringent properties (e.g., solar panels and separator films for secondary cells) are common, damage detection during the manufacturing process is crucial to economically realize high-quality materials. Herein a method using a pulsed-laser and a high-speed polarization-imaging camera is proposed to rapidly detect damage, including scratches and dents, in transparent materials. Specifically, as stress waves, which are generated by a non-contact impulse excitation from laser ablation, propagate through a material, the stress concentrations induced around damage are measured as the two-dimensional birefringent phase differences using a high-speed polarization-imaging camera with a microsecond-order temporal resolution. When stress is dominant, the distribution of the measured birefringent phase difference can be considered the relative distribution of stress. Using acrylic plates as a representative transparent material with several hundred micrometers of damage (e.g., a dent or a scratch), we demonstrate that the proposed method detects damage in a very short timeframe of several microseconds.

AB - Although transparent materials with birefringent properties (e.g., solar panels and separator films for secondary cells) are common, damage detection during the manufacturing process is crucial to economically realize high-quality materials. Herein a method using a pulsed-laser and a high-speed polarization-imaging camera is proposed to rapidly detect damage, including scratches and dents, in transparent materials. Specifically, as stress waves, which are generated by a non-contact impulse excitation from laser ablation, propagate through a material, the stress concentrations induced around damage are measured as the two-dimensional birefringent phase differences using a high-speed polarization-imaging camera with a microsecond-order temporal resolution. When stress is dominant, the distribution of the measured birefringent phase difference can be considered the relative distribution of stress. Using acrylic plates as a representative transparent material with several hundred micrometers of damage (e.g., a dent or a scratch), we demonstrate that the proposed method detects damage in a very short timeframe of several microseconds.

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KW - Non-contact laser excitation

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KW - Two-dimensional birefringent distribution

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