Deflagration velocity analysis by image velocimetry using brightness subtraction and pressure evaluation of blast wave in Hydrogen-Air mixtures

Teruhito Otsuka, Hiroyasu Saito, Kaoru Morimoto, Takaaki Mizutani, Tatsuru Iwasa, Nao Shimizu, Yoshihiro Naruo, Hidenori Matsui, Yoshifumi Inatani, Norihiko Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Detailed observations of hydrogen-air spherical deflagrations in open space were obtained using a combination of an image velocimetry and blast pressure measurements. Latex balloons of 0.15 and 1.4 m3 vapor clouds were ruptured and ignited at the center of the clouds. An image velocimetry using brightness subtraction was employed to obtain accurate time evolution records of flame propagation velocity. The maximum flame propagation velocity of about 100 m/s was observed in the 0.15 m3 of equivalence ratio 2.0 and in the 1.4 m3 cloud of equivalence ratio 3.0. The turbulent burning velocities were estimated to be several fold of the laminar burning velocities. It is observed that the propagating flame with the maximum velocity generates the signal of the maximum peak pressure of blast wave propagating with the sound velocity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1190-1196
Number of pages7
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume75
Issue number753
Publication statusPublished - 2009 May
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

deflagration
blasts
subtraction
Velocity measurement
Luminance
brightness
propagation velocity
flame propagation
Hydrogen
equivalence
evaluation
air
hydrogen
Air
balloons
pressure measurement
latex
acoustic velocity
flames
vapors

Keywords

  • Brightness subtraction
  • Deflagration
  • Explosion
  • Hydrogen
  • Image velocimetry
  • Premixed combustion
  • Pressure wave
  • Turbulent combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Deflagration velocity analysis by image velocimetry using brightness subtraction and pressure evaluation of blast wave in Hydrogen-Air mixtures. / Otsuka, Teruhito; Saito, Hiroyasu; Morimoto, Kaoru; Mizutani, Takaaki; Iwasa, Tatsuru; Shimizu, Nao; Naruo, Yoshihiro; Matsui, Hidenori; Inatani, Yoshifumi; Yoshikawa, Norihiko.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 75, No. 753, 05.2009, p. 1190-1196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Otsuka, Teruhito ; Saito, Hiroyasu ; Morimoto, Kaoru ; Mizutani, Takaaki ; Iwasa, Tatsuru ; Shimizu, Nao ; Naruo, Yoshihiro ; Matsui, Hidenori ; Inatani, Yoshifumi ; Yoshikawa, Norihiko. / Deflagration velocity analysis by image velocimetry using brightness subtraction and pressure evaluation of blast wave in Hydrogen-Air mixtures. In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B. 2009 ; Vol. 75, No. 753. pp. 1190-1196.
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AU - Otsuka, Teruhito

AU - Saito, Hiroyasu

AU - Morimoto, Kaoru

AU - Mizutani, Takaaki

AU - Iwasa, Tatsuru

AU - Shimizu, Nao

AU - Naruo, Yoshihiro

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AU - Yoshikawa, Norihiko

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AB - Detailed observations of hydrogen-air spherical deflagrations in open space were obtained using a combination of an image velocimetry and blast pressure measurements. Latex balloons of 0.15 and 1.4 m3 vapor clouds were ruptured and ignited at the center of the clouds. An image velocimetry using brightness subtraction was employed to obtain accurate time evolution records of flame propagation velocity. The maximum flame propagation velocity of about 100 m/s was observed in the 0.15 m3 of equivalence ratio 2.0 and in the 1.4 m3 cloud of equivalence ratio 3.0. The turbulent burning velocities were estimated to be several fold of the laminar burning velocities. It is observed that the propagating flame with the maximum velocity generates the signal of the maximum peak pressure of blast wave propagating with the sound velocity.

KW - Brightness subtraction

KW - Deflagration

KW - Explosion

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Image velocimetry

KW - Premixed combustion

KW - Pressure wave

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