Degradation of chlorinated biphenyl, dibenzofuran, and dibenzo-p-dioxin by marine bacteria that degrade biphenyl, carbazole, or dibenzofuran

Hiroyuki Fuse, Osamu Takimura, Katsuji Murakami, Hiroyuki Inoue, Yukiho Yamaoka

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Marine bacterial strains (BP-PH, CAR-SF, and DBF-MAK) were isolated using biphenyl, carbazole (CAR), or dibenzofuran (DF) respectively as substrates for growth. Their 16S ribosomal DNA sequences showed that the species closest to strain BP-PH, strain CAR-SF, and strain DBF-MAK are Alteromonas macleodii (96.3% identity), Neptunomonas naphthovorans (93.1% identity), and Cycloclasticus pugetii (97.3% identity), respectively. The metabolites produced suggested that strain CAR-SF degrades CAR via dioxygenation in the angular position and by the meta-cleavage pathway, and that strain DBF-MAK degrades DF via both lateral and angular dioxygenation. Polychlorinated biphenyl (KC-300) and 2,3-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin were partially degraded by strain BP-PH and strain DBF-MAK, while 2,7-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin and 2,4,8-trichlorodibenzofuran remained virtually unchanged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1125
Number of pages5
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May
Externally publishedYes



  • Biphenyl
  • Carbazole
  • Dibenzo-p-dioxin
  • Dibenzofuran
  • Marine bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering

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