Dependence of Tc and transport properties on the Cu valence in HgBa2Can-1CunO2(n+i)+δ (n=2,3) superconductors

A. Fukuoka, Ayako Yamamoto, M. Itoh, R. Usami, S. Adachi, K. Tanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have determined the oxygen content and the Cu valence by iodometric titiration of single-phase HgBa2Can-1CunO2(n+1)+δ (n=2,3), Hg-1212 and Hg-1223, superconductors postannealed under various conditions in either a reducing or an oxidizing atmosphere. Their lattice parameters, Tc, resistivity, and the thermoelectric power have been systematically investigated as a function of Cu valence. Hg-1212 exhibits a parabolic or "bell-shaped" relationship between Tc and the Cu valence similar to that reported for HgBa2CuO4+δ (Hg-1201), while only a half of the parabola is observed for Hg-1223. The systematic variations in the resistivity and the thermoelectric power as well as the relationship between Tc and the Cu valence confirm that the Hg-1223 sample with the highest Tc of 135 K is almost optimally doped. Both Hg-1212 and Hg-1223 as well as Hg-1201 exhibit their maximum Tc values at the same nominal Cu valence of approximately 2.20 which is also comparable to those for other high-Tc cuprate superconductors. This coincidence of the Cu valence for optimally doped states suggests that the simple ionic model where each excess oxygen in the Hg-Oδ charge reservoir supplies two holes is appropriate in the present Hg-12(n-1)n samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6612-6620
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume55
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

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Thermoelectric power
Transport properties
Superconducting materials
transport properties
Oxygen
valence
Lattice constants
parabolas
electrical resistivity
oxygen
bells
cuprates
lattice parameters
atmospheres
Cuprate superconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Dependence of Tc and transport properties on the Cu valence in HgBa2Can-1CunO2(n+i)+δ (n=2,3) superconductors. / Fukuoka, A.; Yamamoto, Ayako; Itoh, M.; Usami, R.; Adachi, S.; Tanabe, K.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 55, No. 10, 01.03.1997, p. 6612-6620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We have determined the oxygen content and the Cu valence by iodometric titiration of single-phase HgBa2Can-1CunO2(n+1)+δ (n=2,3), Hg-1212 and Hg-1223, superconductors postannealed under various conditions in either a reducing or an oxidizing atmosphere. Their lattice parameters, Tc, resistivity, and the thermoelectric power have been systematically investigated as a function of Cu valence. Hg-1212 exhibits a parabolic or "bell-shaped" relationship between Tc and the Cu valence similar to that reported for HgBa2CuO4+δ (Hg-1201), while only a half of the parabola is observed for Hg-1223. The systematic variations in the resistivity and the thermoelectric power as well as the relationship between Tc and the Cu valence confirm that the Hg-1223 sample with the highest Tc of 135 K is almost optimally doped. Both Hg-1212 and Hg-1223 as well as Hg-1201 exhibit their maximum Tc values at the same nominal Cu valence of approximately 2.20 which is also comparable to those for other high-Tc cuprate superconductors. This coincidence of the Cu valence for optimally doped states suggests that the simple ionic model where each excess oxygen in the Hg-Oδ charge reservoir supplies two holes is appropriate in the present Hg-12(n-1)n samples.

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