Depressed haze and enhanced solar modulation capability for VO2-based composite films with distinct size effects

Lei Miao, Ru Chen, Jianhua Zhou, Chengyan Liu, Ying Peng, Jie Gao, Lixian Sun, Sakae Tanemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


For decades, scientists have devoted themselves to developing vanadium dioxide (VO2) films for thermochromic smart windows, but there remains a major challenge to their large-scale implementation owing to their limited solar modulation ability. Here, we show a new method for improving their solar modulation ability via increasing optical switching in the visible region upon phase transition. VO2-based composite films that exhibited reduced haze (haze555 nm down from 46.5% to 2.2% @RT), improved luminous transmittance (up from 9.6% to 38.5% @RT) and enhanced solar modulation ability (ΔTsol up from 8.1% to 16.9% @RT) have been fabricated by a convenient and controllable approach. With this method, the mean sizes of VO2 particles can be easily tuned from 150 nm to 40 nm by varying the preparation parameters. Via a combination of the optical transmittance spectrum and Mie calculations, we first observed the behavior of optical switching in the visible region upon phase transition, which is size-dependent. Moreover, distinctive size effects on variations in the band gap energy and specific interband transitions were studied based on the absorption spectra of VO2 composite films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90813-90823
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number93
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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