Design and construction of a high temperature superconducting power cable cryostat for use in railway system applications

M. Tomita, M. Muralidhar, K. Suzuki, Y. Fukumoto, A. Ishihara, T. Akasaka, Y. Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary objective of the current effort was to design and test a cryostat using a prototype five-meter long high temperature Bi 2Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy (Bi-2223) superconducting dc power cable for railway systems. To satisfy the safety regulations of the Govt of Japan a mill sheet covered by super-insulation was used inside the walls of the cryostat. The thicknesses of various walls in the cryostat were obtained from a numerical analysis. A non-destructive inspection was utilized to find leaks under vacuum or pressure. The cryostat target temperature range was around 50 K, which is well below liquid nitrogen temperature, the operating temperature of the superconducting cable. The qualification testing was carried out from 77 down to 66 K. When using only the inner sheet wire, the maximum current at 77.3 K was 10 kA. The critical current (Ic) value increased with decreasing temperature and reached 11.79 kA at 73.7 K. This is the largest dc current reported in a Bi2Sr 2Ca2Cu3Oy or YBa2Cu 3Oy (Y-123) superconducting prototype cable so far. These results verify that the developed DC superconducting cable is reliable and fulfils all the requirements necessary for successful use in various power applications including railway systems. The key issues for the design of a reliable cryogenic system for superconducting power cables for railway systems are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105005
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 1

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this