Designed operating approach of economic dispatch for java bali power grid areas considered wind energy and pollutant emission optimized using thunderstorm algorithm based on forward cloud charge mechanism

A. N. Afandi, A. P. Wibawa, Syaad Padmantara, Goro Fujita, W. Triyana, Yunis Sulistyorini, H. Miyauchi, Nedim Tutkun, M. El Shimy Mahmoud, X. Z. Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


Due to ecological and economic benefits, variable energy sources are considered as a key factor in the world-wide energy security. The main operational problems associated with these sources are their variability and intermittency. Therefore, the inclusion in the fleet of the energy mix as the standard conventional generators is difficult. The wind energy is among the most dominant renewable source. Furthermore, this paper focuses on the inclusion of the wind energy impact on the Economic Dispatch (ED) optimization problem. The ED problem also considers the minimization of pollutant emissions from fossil-based sources. The Thunderstorm Algorithm (TA) is presented in this paper as a new intelligent computation technique for optimizing the Integrated Wind Energy and Pollutant Emissions into the Economic Dispatch (IWEPEED) problem. The algorithm is tested on the modified IEEE 62-bus system with wind energy integrated into the system as an area developing model of Java Bali Power Grid development. The results show the potential and success of the TA for solving the IWEPEED optimization problem with a short computational time and a fast convergence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Review of Electrical Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1



  • Economic dispatch
  • Emission dispatch
  • Thunderstorm algorithm
  • Wind energy penetration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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