Detection Method for Fire Incident due to Arc-Fault in Home Appliances

Sittichai Wangwiwattana, Koike Yoshikazu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The arc fault is well-known causes of electric fire incidents as well as electric treeing. In low voltage rating such as common home appliances, an arc-fault state can be achieved due to poor contact condition even if the contact is used within manufactured current rating. Therefore, a detection on such phenomenon is required to elevate electrical fire safety. We have researched the process of the arc fault in low voltage. Generally, the discharge on the tip of plug leads distortion of electrical waveform. One of the detection method for arc fault is to analyze the wave form in a plug. According to our research, the higher resistance of the contact area on the tip of plug due to oxide copper lead to high temperature area due to Joule's heating. In this presentation, we report how to detect series arc-fault in common household appliances. The derived method is to measure the energy consumption of the electrical appliance that has been affected with arc-fault. The power that was lost from arc-fault can be reliably measured at the load in the experiment. Therefore, a common commercial power-saving socket could be utilized for power measurement. Further development into the prototype phase is required to realize the new prevention method.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, ICCE 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665441544
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, ICCE 2022 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: 2022 Jan 72022 Jan 9

Publication series

NameDigest of Technical Papers - IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics
Volume2022-January
ISSN (Print)0747-668X

Conference

Conference2022 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics, ICCE 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period22/1/722/1/9

Keywords

  • arc fault
  • copper oxides
  • joule heating
  • phase shift
  • power dissipation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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