Determination of the electrode kinetic parameters of a species immobilized on electrodes using the electroreflectance (ER) voltammogram

Zhi Qiang Feng, Shinichiro Imabayashi, Takashi Kakiuchi, Katsumi Niki

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Ac-modulated UV-vis reflectance spectroscopy was applied to elucidate the electrode reaction rate of the species immobilized on electrode surfaces. The electroreflectance (ER) with respect to the electrode potential at constant wavelength, denoted as ER voltammetry, was analyzed theoretically using numerical calculation. In the present calculation, the amplitude of the ac modulation, the IR drop due to the solution resistance, and the double layer capacitance were taken into account. The results of the calculation were compared to the electrode reaction of cytochrome c immobilized on an SH(CH2)9COOH self-assembled monolayer modified gold electrode, which has previously been studied. The standard rate constant of the electrode reaction of cytochrome C3 adsorbed directly on gold electrode was determined to be 200 s-1 using non-linear least square fitting to the experimental data. This approach is applicable to unstable redox species at the electrode surface, e.g. cytochrome c3, which desorbs gradually from the gold electrode surface at negative electrode potential. That is, one can determine the kinetic parameters of adsorbed redox species by a single potential scan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 May 30
Externally publishedYes



  • Cytochrome c
  • Cytochrome c
  • Electron transfer rate
  • Electroreflectance (ER) voltammogram
  • Thiol-modified gold electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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