Differences of spinal kinematics contribution between cervical and multi-segmental thoracic spine during Sit-To-Stand (STS) & Stand-To-Flexion (STF)

W. A.A. Saad, M. A. Mat Dzahir, S. Yamamoto, M. Hussein, M. Mohamad, S. M. Saad, A. Azaman

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the actual spinal kinematics in completing critical daily activities is utmost important for human being as it can lead for better quality of life. Two of the most common functions which are necessary for human being are standing up and bend forward. Researchers tried to explore the kinematics of human spine during Sit-to-Stand (STS) and Stand-to-Flexion (STF) but most of them only focussed on thoracic and lumbar spine. Literatures of similar study within thoracic spine only divide the region up to three segments thus reducing the accuracy of actual thoracic multi segments behaviours in completing daily task. This paper aims to study the differences of spinal kinematics contribution between cervical and multi-segmental thoracic spine during STS & STF among healthy Asian adults using non-invasive approach. Interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for both tasks specified during the study showed excellent reliability with all ICC value were above 0.90 (0.932-0.976). During STS, cervical region displayed quicker flexion-extension transition response. Roughly equivalent behaviour was observed within all thoracic segments. Lower thoracic segments (T10-12) exhibited passive increment behaviour upon reaching upright standing compared with other segments. All segments displayed increase of angular displacement during upright standing. Peak of flexion during STF was achieved at 50% phase with latter response within lower thoracic segments (T8-12). Throughout the completion of STF, most of the segments shared approximately identical behaviour with the adjacent segment. The results provide a clear explanation of the healthy spinal condition of asymptomatic adults and may serve for spinal treatment and rehabilitation purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012026
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume788
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 5
Event5th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research 2019, ICMER 2019 - Kuantan, Malaysia
Duration: 2019 Jul 302019 Jul 31

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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