Discovery of spectral transitions from two ultraluminous compact x-ray sources in IC 342

Aya Kubota, T. Mizuno, K. Makishima, Y. Fukazawa, J. Kotoku, T. Ohnishi, M. Tashiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two ASCA observations were made of two ultraluminous compact X-ray sources (ULXs) in the spiral galaxy IC 342. In the 1993 observation, source 2 showed a 0.5-10 keV luminosity of 6 × 1039 ergs s-1 (assuming a distance of 4.0 Mpc) and a hard power-law spectrum of photon index ∼1.4. As already reported, source 1 was ∼3 times brighter on that occasion and exhibited a soft spectrum represented by a multicolor disk model with an inner-disk temperature of ∼1.8 keV. The second observation, made in 2000 February, revealed that source 1 had made a transition into a hard spectral state, while source 2 made a transition into a soft spectral state. The ULXs are therefore inferred to exhibit two distinct spectral states, and they sometimes make transitions between them. These results significantly reinforce the scenario that describes ULXs as mass-accreting black holes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume547
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

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x ray sources
erg
power law
x rays
spiral galaxies
temperature
luminosity
photons

Keywords

  • Black hole physics
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kubota, A., Mizuno, T., Makishima, K., Fukazawa, Y., Kotoku, J., Ohnishi, T., & Tashiro, M. (2001). Discovery of spectral transitions from two ultraluminous compact x-ray sources in IC 342. Astrophysical Journal, 547(2 PART 2). https://doi.org/10.1086/318903

Discovery of spectral transitions from two ultraluminous compact x-ray sources in IC 342. / Kubota, Aya; Mizuno, T.; Makishima, K.; Fukazawa, Y.; Kotoku, J.; Ohnishi, T.; Tashiro, M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 547, No. 2 PART 2, 01.02.2001.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kubota, A, Mizuno, T, Makishima, K, Fukazawa, Y, Kotoku, J, Ohnishi, T & Tashiro, M 2001, 'Discovery of spectral transitions from two ultraluminous compact x-ray sources in IC 342', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 547, no. 2 PART 2. https://doi.org/10.1086/318903
Kubota, Aya ; Mizuno, T. ; Makishima, K. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Kotoku, J. ; Ohnishi, T. ; Tashiro, M. / Discovery of spectral transitions from two ultraluminous compact x-ray sources in IC 342. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2001 ; Vol. 547, No. 2 PART 2.
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AU - Ohnishi, T.

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