Effect of Molybdenum on Low Temperature Toughness of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metals

—Low Temperature Toughness of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal (Report 6)—

Tadao Onzawa, Akito Takasaki, Masaru Sekiguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of molybdenum on notch toughness of austenitic stainless steel weld metal was investigated in detail. The weld metals where molybdenum content varied from 0.1 to 2.9% and δ ferrite content 0 to 10.8%, were prepared by submarged arc welding. The absorbed energy of fully austenitic weld metal was constant independent of molybdenum content. However, in the case of eutectic δ ferrite weld metal (EWM), the absorbed energy decreased monotonously with the molybdenum content and in particular, this tendency was remarkable in the weld metal of which the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain was more than 5%. In the weld metal of primary δ ferrite (PWM), the absorbed energy was constant up to 2.3% Mo and began to drop in the specimen above 2.9% Mo where the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain became more than 5%. These results revealed that if the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain exceeded 5%, the notch toughness Called drastically. This was considered to be attributed to following causes: the increase of molybdenum resulted in degradation of the coherency of δ/γ interface and moreovre, in the eutectic δ ferrite of EWM where the concentration of molybdenum was especially high, the formation of carbide of M23C6 was observed which affected harmfully the low temperature toughness, while in the primary δ ferrite of PWM the carbide was not observed at all. The multiple regression analysis revealed that each element of C, Cr and Mo had inherently a reducing action in toughness and particularlly, this action of molybdenum was stronger in EWM than in PWM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalQUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE JAPAN WELDING SOCIETY
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Molybdenum
Austenitic stainless steel
Toughness
Ferrite
Welds
Metals
Eutectics
Temperature
Pulse width modulation
Carbides
Electric arc welding
Regression analysis
Degradation

Keywords

  • Austenitic Stainless Steel
  • Delta/Gamma interface
  • Fully Austenitic Eutectic Delta Ferrite
  • Low Temperature Toughness
  • molybdenum
  • Primary Delta Ferrite
  • Weld Metal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

@article{efaca9db24854c1592542065e2f1a743,
title = "Effect of Molybdenum on Low Temperature Toughness of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metals: —Low Temperature Toughness of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal (Report 6)—",
abstract = "The effect of molybdenum on notch toughness of austenitic stainless steel weld metal was investigated in detail. The weld metals where molybdenum content varied from 0.1 to 2.9{\%} and δ ferrite content 0 to 10.8{\%}, were prepared by submarged arc welding. The absorbed energy of fully austenitic weld metal was constant independent of molybdenum content. However, in the case of eutectic δ ferrite weld metal (EWM), the absorbed energy decreased monotonously with the molybdenum content and in particular, this tendency was remarkable in the weld metal of which the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain was more than 5{\%}. In the weld metal of primary δ ferrite (PWM), the absorbed energy was constant up to 2.3{\%} Mo and began to drop in the specimen above 2.9{\%} Mo where the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain became more than 5{\%}. These results revealed that if the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain exceeded 5{\%}, the notch toughness Called drastically. This was considered to be attributed to following causes: the increase of molybdenum resulted in degradation of the coherency of δ/γ interface and moreovre, in the eutectic δ ferrite of EWM where the concentration of molybdenum was especially high, the formation of carbide of M23C6 was observed which affected harmfully the low temperature toughness, while in the primary δ ferrite of PWM the carbide was not observed at all. The multiple regression analysis revealed that each element of C, Cr and Mo had inherently a reducing action in toughness and particularlly, this action of molybdenum was stronger in EWM than in PWM.",
keywords = "Austenitic Stainless Steel, Delta/Gamma interface, Fully Austenitic Eutectic Delta Ferrite, Low Temperature Toughness, molybdenum, Primary Delta Ferrite, Weld Metal",
author = "Tadao Onzawa and Akito Takasaki and Masaru Sekiguchi",
year = "1988",
doi = "10.2207/qjjws.6.278",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "278--284",
journal = "Yosetsu Gakkai Ronbunshu/Quarterly Journal of the Japan Welding Society",
issn = "0288-4771",
publisher = "Japan Welding Society",
number = "2",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Molybdenum on Low Temperature Toughness of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metals

T2 - —Low Temperature Toughness of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal (Report 6)—

AU - Onzawa, Tadao

AU - Takasaki, Akito

AU - Sekiguchi, Masaru

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - The effect of molybdenum on notch toughness of austenitic stainless steel weld metal was investigated in detail. The weld metals where molybdenum content varied from 0.1 to 2.9% and δ ferrite content 0 to 10.8%, were prepared by submarged arc welding. The absorbed energy of fully austenitic weld metal was constant independent of molybdenum content. However, in the case of eutectic δ ferrite weld metal (EWM), the absorbed energy decreased monotonously with the molybdenum content and in particular, this tendency was remarkable in the weld metal of which the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain was more than 5%. In the weld metal of primary δ ferrite (PWM), the absorbed energy was constant up to 2.3% Mo and began to drop in the specimen above 2.9% Mo where the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain became more than 5%. These results revealed that if the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain exceeded 5%, the notch toughness Called drastically. This was considered to be attributed to following causes: the increase of molybdenum resulted in degradation of the coherency of δ/γ interface and moreovre, in the eutectic δ ferrite of EWM where the concentration of molybdenum was especially high, the formation of carbide of M23C6 was observed which affected harmfully the low temperature toughness, while in the primary δ ferrite of PWM the carbide was not observed at all. The multiple regression analysis revealed that each element of C, Cr and Mo had inherently a reducing action in toughness and particularlly, this action of molybdenum was stronger in EWM than in PWM.

AB - The effect of molybdenum on notch toughness of austenitic stainless steel weld metal was investigated in detail. The weld metals where molybdenum content varied from 0.1 to 2.9% and δ ferrite content 0 to 10.8%, were prepared by submarged arc welding. The absorbed energy of fully austenitic weld metal was constant independent of molybdenum content. However, in the case of eutectic δ ferrite weld metal (EWM), the absorbed energy decreased monotonously with the molybdenum content and in particular, this tendency was remarkable in the weld metal of which the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain was more than 5%. In the weld metal of primary δ ferrite (PWM), the absorbed energy was constant up to 2.3% Mo and began to drop in the specimen above 2.9% Mo where the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain became more than 5%. These results revealed that if the concentration of molybdenum within δ ferrite grain exceeded 5%, the notch toughness Called drastically. This was considered to be attributed to following causes: the increase of molybdenum resulted in degradation of the coherency of δ/γ interface and moreovre, in the eutectic δ ferrite of EWM where the concentration of molybdenum was especially high, the formation of carbide of M23C6 was observed which affected harmfully the low temperature toughness, while in the primary δ ferrite of PWM the carbide was not observed at all. The multiple regression analysis revealed that each element of C, Cr and Mo had inherently a reducing action in toughness and particularlly, this action of molybdenum was stronger in EWM than in PWM.

KW - Austenitic Stainless Steel

KW - Delta/Gamma interface

KW - Fully Austenitic Eutectic Delta Ferrite

KW - Low Temperature Toughness

KW - molybdenum

KW - Primary Delta Ferrite

KW - Weld Metal

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