Effect of Surface Modification for Carbon Cathode Materials on Charge–Discharge Performance of Li-Air Batteries

Kaito Fukushima, So Yoon Lee, Kenichi Tanaka, Kodai Sasaki, Takahiro Ishizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Li-air batteries have attracted considerable attention as rechargeable secondary batteries with a high theoretical energy density of 11,400 kWh/g. However, the commercial application of Li-air batteries is hindered by issues such as low energy efficiency and a short lifetime (cycle numbers). To overcome these issues, it is important to select appropriate cathode materials that facilitate high battery performance. Carbon materials are expected to be ideal materials for cathodes due to their high electrical conductivity and porosity. The physicochemical properties of carbon materials are known to affect the performance of Li-air batteries because the redox reaction of oxygen, which is an important reaction for determining the performance of Li-air batteries, occurs on the carbon materials. In this study, we evaluated the effect of the surface modification of carbon cathode materials on the charge–discharge performance of Li-air batteries using commercial Ketjenblack (KB) and KB subjected to vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) irradiation as cathodes. The surface wettability of KB changed from hydrophobic to hydrophilic as a result of the VUV irradiation. The ratio of COOH and OH groups on the KB surface increased after VUV irradiation. Raman spectra demonstrated that no structural change in the KB before and after VUV irradiation was observed. The charge and discharge capacities of a Li-air battery using VUV-irradiated KB as the cathode decreased compared to original KB, whereas the cycling performance of the Li-air battery improved considerably. The sizes and shapes of the discharge products formed on the cathodes changed considerably due to the VUV irradiation. The difference in the cycling performance of the Li-air battery was discussed from the viewpoint of the chemical properties of KB and VUV-irradiated KB.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3270
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

Keywords

  • Li-air battery
  • carbon
  • charge–discharge performance
  • surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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