Effects of swirl on velocity-field uniformity in disk shape SOFC channel flow

Kazumi Tsunoda, Kazuyuki Aminaka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Swirling flow behavior between two parallel disk shape plates was experimentally investigated with the aid of a particle image velocimetry (PIV). The experiment was performed at low Reynolds numbers (Re < 100) to simulate the practical operation in a disk shape planar-type solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). To improve flow uniformity, we designed a new channel with circle involute shape current collectors. In the new channel, a swirling flow was generated and its velocity in a core region was kept at nearly constant value toward the channel exit. This trend was observed regardless of flow rates, and hence flow uniformity was achieved over the wide range of Reynolds numbers. This is because a flow passage consisting of two adjacent involute shape current collectors functions as a constat-area channel due to the geometrical property of the circle involute. In order to understand the above mentioned flow behavior, a swirling fluid motion in the channel with the circle involute shape current collector was investigated by using steady state Euler's equation of motion. We confirmed that the velocity component in the flow direction was dominant compared with that in the other direction and played primary role to maintain a swirling motion through the centripetal acceleration term.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJK 2011
Pages3527-3534
Number of pages8
EditionPARTS A, B, C, D
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1
EventASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJK 2011 - Hamamatsu, Japan
Duration: 2011 Jul 242011 Jul 29

Publication series

NameASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJK 2011
NumberPARTS A, B, C, D
Volume1

Conference

ConferenceASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJK 2011
CountryJapan
CityHamamatsu
Period11/7/2411/7/29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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    Tsunoda, K., & Aminaka, K. (2011). Effects of swirl on velocity-field uniformity in disk shape SOFC channel flow. In ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJK 2011 (PARTS A, B, C, D ed., pp. 3527-3534). (ASME-JSME-KSME 2011 Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, AJK 2011; Vol. 1, No. PARTS A, B, C, D). https://doi.org/10.1115/AJK2011-17003